Advertisement

Obesity

Endocrine testing in obesity.

Feb 17, 2020

Endocrine disorders such as Cushing's syndrome and hypothyroidism may cause weight gain and exacerbate metabolic dysfunction in obesity. Other forms of endocrine dysfunction, particularly gonadal dysf...

Proteostasis in thermogenesis and obesity.

Feb 17, 2020

The proper production, degradation, folding and activity of proteins, proteostasis, is essential for any cellular function. From single cell organisms to humans, selective pressures have led to the ev...

Association between dietary inflammatory index and upper aerodigestive tract cancer risk: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.

Feb 13, 2020

The relationship between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancer risk have been investigated in a growing number of epidemiological studies. However, their finding...

An improved cytochrome P450 phenotyping cocktail with a simplified and highly sensitive UHPLC-MS/MS assay in human plasma.

Feb 13, 2020

Measuring in vivo changes in the drug metabolizing activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes is critical to understanding and assessing drug-drug, drug-diet and drug-disease interactions. The sensitiv...

Association between cataract and cotinine-verified smoking status in 11 435 Korean adults using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2008 to 2016.

Feb 13, 2020

To investigate the association between cataract and cotinine-verified smoking status.Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, South Korea.Retrospective study.Participants...

Pose Filter-based Ensemble Learning Enables Discovery of Orally Active, Nonsteroidal Farnesoid X Receptor Agonists.

Feb 13, 2020

Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) agonists can reverse dysregulated bile acid metabolism thus are potential therapeutics to prevent and treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The low success rate of FXR ag...

The association between leptin concentration and blood coagulation: Results from the NEO study.

Feb 13, 2020

The adipocyte-derived hormone leptin has been associated with altered blood coagulation in in vitro studies. However, it is unclear whether this association is relevant in vivo and to what extent this...

Multiple physical symptoms and individual characteristics - A cross-sectional study of the general population.

Feb 13, 2020

Multiple physical symptoms not attributable to known organic disease are common in all medical fields and associated with major personal and social consequences. This study investigated multiple physi...

A Systematic Review of Musculoskeletal Fitness Among Indigenous Populations in North America and Circumpolar Inuit Populations.

Feb 13, 2020

North American indigenous populations experience higher rates of obesity and chronic disease compared with nonindigenous populations. Improvements in musculoskeletal fitness can mitigate negative heal...

Child-related and parental predictors for thelarche in a general population of girls: the PANIC study.

Feb 13, 2020

Obesity has been associated with earlier thelarche, whereas other predictors for it remain unclear.We studied child-related and parental predictors for earlier thelarche in 195 girls aged 6-8 years fo...

Sedentary Behavior, Activity Linked to Depression at Age 18

Feb 13, 2020

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sedentary behavior throughout adolescence is associated with the risk for depressive symptoms at age 18 years, according to a study published online Feb. 11...

Ketogenic Diets as an Adjuvant Therapy for Glioblastoma (KEATING)

Feb 10, 2020

We conducted a feasibility study to investigate the use of ketogenic diets (KDs) as an adjuvant therapy for patients with glioblastoma (GBM), investigating (i) trial feasibility; (ii) potential impact...

Role of Mineralocorticoid Receptor in Adipogenesis and Obesity in Male Mice.

Feb 10, 2020

Increased visceral adiposity and hyperglycemia, 2 characteristics of metabolic syndrome, are also present in conditions of excess glucocorticoids (GCs). GCs are hormones thought to act primarily via t...

Implications of agar and agarase in industrial applications of sustainable marine biomass.

Feb 10, 2020

Agar, a major component of the cell wall of red algae, is an interesting heteropolysaccharide containing an unusual sugar, 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose. It is widely used as a valuable material in various ...

Laparoscopic Conversion of Sleeve Gastrectomy to One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass for Weight Loss Failure: Mid-Term Results.

Feb 10, 2020

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) became the most performed surgical intervention for treating population with morbid obesity. However, revisional surgery after SG has been increasingly performed d...

Benefits of exercise in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial of a patient-specific exercise programme.

Feb 10, 2020

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) tend to be more overweight, take less physical exercise, exhibit decreased cardiorespiratory fitness and demonstrate reduced muscle strength compared with age- ...

Mixed hemodiafiltration reduces erythropoiesis stimulating agents requirement in dialysis patients: a prospective randomized study.

Feb 10, 2020

Improved responsiveness to erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) in patients on on-line post-dilution hemodiafiltration (Post-HDF) compared with conventional hemodialysis (HD) was reported by some ...

Strategies to improve the implementation of healthy eating, physical activity and obesity prevention policies, practices or programmes within childcare services.

Feb 10, 2020

Despite the existence of effective interventions and best-practice guideline recommendations for childcare services to implement evidence-based policies, practices and programmes to promote child heal...

Trends in Bariatric Surgery: a 5-Year Analysis of the Israel National Bariatric Surgery Registry.

Feb 04, 2020

The worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly tripled between 1975 and 2016. There are limited data quantifying national trends. The aim of this study is to evaluate and summarize current trends in baria...

Effects of Surgical and Non-surgical Weight Loss on Migraine Headache: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Feb 04, 2020

The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis on the effect of weight loss obtained by bariatric surgery or behavioral intervention on migraine frequency and indices of severity.A search throug...