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Smoking & Tobacco

Comprehensive metabolic study of nicotine in equine plasma and urine using liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry for the identification of unique biomarkers for doping control.

Jan 17, 2022

Nicotine is classified as a stimulant, and its use is banned in horse racing and equestrian sports by the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities and the Fédération Équestre Internation...

Neighborhood disadvantage and prescription drug misuse in low-income urban mothers.

Jan 10, 2022

Prescription drug misuse remains a persistent problem in the United States. Residents living in disadvantaged neighborhoods are at greater risk of substance abuse such as alcohol, tobacco, or drugs. H...

Gene expression of oxidative stress markers and lung function: A CARDIA lung study.

Nov 22, 2021

Circulating markers of oxidative stress have been associated with lower lung function. Our objective was to study the association of gene expression levels of oxidative stress pathway genes (ALOX12, A...

Potential risk factors of persistent postural-perceptual dizziness: a pilot study.

Nov 22, 2021

Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) unifies the main characteristics of chronic subjective dizziness, visual vertigo and related diseases, which is a common chronic disease in neurology. A...

The influence of endogenous behaviors among social pairs: Social interaction effects of smoking.

Nov 15, 2021

We model the observed smoking outcomes of an individual and her social contact - a spouse, friend, sibling, parent or adult child - as a simultaneous move game with complete information. We allow an i...

Stress and Affect as Daily Risk Factors for Substance Use Patterns: an Application of Latent Class Analysis for Daily Diary Data.

Nov 01, 2021

At the population level, use of multiple substances (or "co-use") is prevalent in young adulthood and linked with increased risk for experiencing substance-related harms. Less understood is the hetero...

Overexpression of watermelon mA methyltransferase ClMTB enhances drought tolerance in tobacco by mitigating oxidative stress and photosynthesis inhibition and modulating stress-responsive gene expression.

Oct 25, 2021

N6-methyladenosine (mA) in RNA is a very important post-transcriptional modification mechanism in eukaryotes. It has been reported to have important regulatory roles in some stress responses in model ...

Unmet need in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Middle East and Africa region: An expert panel consensus.

Oct 18, 2021

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a significant impact on healthcare systems and health-related quality of life. Increased prevalence of smoking is an important factor contributing to h...

Qualitative and quantitative comparison of flavor chemicals in tobacco heating products, traditional tobacco products and flavoring capsules.

Oct 11, 2021

A gas chromatography-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) method was developed for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of flavor chemicals in tobacco heating products (THPs), traditional tobacco products ...

Impact of MBL-2 coding region polymorphism on modulation of HAND and HIV-1 acquisition.

Sep 06, 2021

Mannose-binding lectin 2 (MBL2) gene has a significant role in the essential protective mechanism of the body. Variations reported in the genetic makeup of this gene influence the circulating MBL leve...

Effectiveness of a smoking cessation algorithm integrated into HIV primary care: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Sep 06, 2021

While addressing smoking cessation in the context of HIV primary care may increase the acceptability of smoking cessation treatment for patients, HIV care providers have not been trained in offering t...

Homeless women's perspectives on smoking and smoking cessation programs: A qualitative study.

Sep 06, 2021

Individuals who are unsheltered or experiencing homelessness are more likely to smoke than those in the general population and have a higher prevalence of tobacco-related illnesses. Those who are unho...

The public health community's use of social media for policy advocacy: a scoping review and suggestions to advance the field.

Aug 26, 2021

This study aimed to investigate the extent and key characteristics of academic research and scholarship on the public health community's use of social media for policy advocacy purposes. This will ena...

A differential subcellular localization of two copper transporters from the COPT family suggests distinct roles in copper homeostasis in Physcomitrium patens.

Aug 23, 2021

The moss Physcomitrium (Physcomitrella) patens is a bryophyte that provides genetic information about the adaptation to the life on land by early Embryophytes and is a reference organism for comparati...

An environmental energy-enhanced solar steam evaporator derived from MXene-decorated cellulose acetate cigarette filter with ultrahigh solar steam generation efficiency.

Aug 23, 2021

Although solar energy is promising for water purification, there is still a room for further improving the solar steam generation efficiency. Herein, an environmental energy-enhanced solar steam evapo...

Zinc uptake and HMA4 activity are required for micro- and macroelement balance in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum).

Aug 23, 2021

The pleiotropic effects of zinc deficiency on ion homeostasis have already been described in several plants. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) heavy metal ATPases HMA4.1 and HMA4.2 are involved in zinc and ...

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment for Smoking Cessation: An Introduction for Primary Care Clinicians.

Aug 19, 2021

Tobacco use remains the number one preventable cause of death in the United States, resulting in significant public health and economic costs. Despite progress in reducing tobacco use through pharmaco...

Evaluation of Subclinical Alterations in Retinal Layers and Microvascular Structures with OCT and OCTA in Healthy Young Short-term Smokers.

Aug 16, 2021

To detect the changes that can be determined with optical coherence tomography(OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA) in young and short-term smokers.In this cross-sectional, observat...

Association between tobacco use and symptomatology in individuals at ultra-high risk to develop a psychosis: A longitudinal study.

Aug 16, 2021

The high prevalence rates and impact of tobacco smoking in individuals with a psychotic disorder have become an increasing interest. Little is known about tobacco smoking in individuals at ultra-high ...

Dual and polytobacco use after a period of enforced tobacco cessation.

Aug 16, 2021

The current study aimed to assess single product, dual, and polytobacco use in a young adult military population and how an enforced tobacco ban during training impacts these behaviors. Participants w...