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Smoking & Tobacco

#VisualAbstract: Varenicline improves successful smoking cessation amongst African-American daily smokers: KIS-IV Trial

Jun 29, 2022

1. A double-blinded, randomized controlled trial found that varenicline significantly improved the rate of abstinence from smoking in African American patients up to at least 6 months. 2. The p...

Non-communicable disease prevention in Kosovo: quantitative and qualitative assessment of uptake and barriers of an intervention for healthier lifestyles in primary healthcare.

May 16, 2022

Smoking, physical inactivity, low fruit and vegetable consumption, and obesity are common in Kosovo. Their prevention is a priority to relieve the health system of from costly non-communicable disease...

Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma: clinical features and prognosis.

May 02, 2022

Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma is a kind of rare benign pulmonary tumor with potential malignancy. The clinical features, risk factors for prognosis, and optimal treatment have not been identified ...

Changes of breath volatile organic compounds in healthy volunteers following segmental and inhalation endotoxin challenge.

Apr 04, 2022

Background It is still unclear how airway inflammation affects the breath volatile organic compounds (VOC) profile in exhaled air. We therefore analyzed breath following well-defined pulmonary endotox...

Mental health-related quality of life by sex and sexual identity among U.S. adults with alcohol and tobacco use disorder.

Mar 14, 2022

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and tobacco use disorder (TUD) are more severe among some sexual minority subgroups. It is less understood whether mental health indicators also differ by sexual identity am...

Functional characterization of the Pinellia ternata cytoplasmic class II small heat shock protein gene PtsHSP17.2 via promoter analysis and overexpression in tobacco.

Feb 28, 2022

High temperature is one of the main abiotic factors limiting agricultural production, particularly for heat-sensitive plant species. Small heat-shock proteins contribute substantially to alleviating d...

Age groups differences in the prevalence and popularity of individual tobacco product use in young adult and adult marijuana and tobacco co-users and tobacco-only users: Findings from Wave 4 of the population assessment of tobacco and health study.

Feb 14, 2022

Tobacco use is high among marijuana and tobacco users, compared to tobacco-only users. This study examined the relative ranking (based on prevalence) of past 30-day tobacco product use separately acro...

A pilot feasibility study of a behavioral intervention for nicotine vaping cessation among young adults delivered via telehealth.

Feb 07, 2022

Nicotine vaping among youth has increased, warranting concern from tobacco control proponents. Many youth who vape indicate interest in quitting; however, few empirically supported vaping cessation in...

Identifying risk profiles for marijuana vaping among U.S. young adults by recreational marijuana legalization status: A machine learning approach.

Feb 07, 2022

This study attempted to identify risk profiles of marijuana vaping by state-level recreational marijuana legalization (RML) status among U.S. young adults (YA).Data were drawn from the most recent two...

"I think it's a good idea for the people that's young, the kids, but for someone like me it's a bad idea." - Interviews about a U.S. menthol cigarette ban with people who smoke menthol cigarettes.

Jan 24, 2022

The US Food and Drug Administration recently announced its intention to pursue a federal ban on menthol cigarettes. This qualitative study assessed reactions to a potential menthol cigarette ban among...

Negatively interactive effect of chromium and cadmium on obesity: Evidence from adults living near ferrochromium factory.

Jan 24, 2022

Researchers have reported that chromium (Cr) exposure may be associated with metabolism of glucose and lipids in residents living in a long-term Cr polluted area. Previous statistical analysis is main...

Comprehensive metabolic study of nicotine in equine plasma and urine using liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry for the identification of unique biomarkers for doping control.

Jan 17, 2022

Nicotine is classified as a stimulant, and its use is banned in horse racing and equestrian sports by the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities and the Fédération Équestre Internation...

Neighborhood disadvantage and prescription drug misuse in low-income urban mothers.

Jan 10, 2022

Prescription drug misuse remains a persistent problem in the United States. Residents living in disadvantaged neighborhoods are at greater risk of substance abuse such as alcohol, tobacco, or drugs. H...

Gene expression of oxidative stress markers and lung function: A CARDIA lung study.

Nov 22, 2021

Circulating markers of oxidative stress have been associated with lower lung function. Our objective was to study the association of gene expression levels of oxidative stress pathway genes (ALOX12, A...

Potential risk factors of persistent postural-perceptual dizziness: a pilot study.

Nov 22, 2021

Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) unifies the main characteristics of chronic subjective dizziness, visual vertigo and related diseases, which is a common chronic disease in neurology. A...

The influence of endogenous behaviors among social pairs: Social interaction effects of smoking.

Nov 15, 2021

We model the observed smoking outcomes of an individual and her social contact - a spouse, friend, sibling, parent or adult child - as a simultaneous move game with complete information. We allow an i...

Stress and Affect as Daily Risk Factors for Substance Use Patterns: an Application of Latent Class Analysis for Daily Diary Data.

Nov 01, 2021

At the population level, use of multiple substances (or "co-use") is prevalent in young adulthood and linked with increased risk for experiencing substance-related harms. Less understood is the hetero...

Overexpression of watermelon mA methyltransferase ClMTB enhances drought tolerance in tobacco by mitigating oxidative stress and photosynthesis inhibition and modulating stress-responsive gene expression.

Oct 25, 2021

N6-methyladenosine (mA) in RNA is a very important post-transcriptional modification mechanism in eukaryotes. It has been reported to have important regulatory roles in some stress responses in model ...

Unmet need in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Middle East and Africa region: An expert panel consensus.

Oct 18, 2021

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a significant impact on healthcare systems and health-related quality of life. Increased prevalence of smoking is an important factor contributing to h...

Qualitative and quantitative comparison of flavor chemicals in tobacco heating products, traditional tobacco products and flavoring capsules.

Oct 11, 2021

A gas chromatography-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) method was developed for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of flavor chemicals in tobacco heating products (THPs), traditional tobacco products ...