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DSM-5

A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness and Safety of Droperidol for Pediatric Agitation in Acute Care Settings.

May 02, 2022

Agitation in children in acute care settings poses significant patient and staff safety concerns. While behavioral approaches are central to reducing agitation and oral medications are preferred, pare...

SSPNet: An interpretable 3D-CNN for classification of schizophrenia using phase maps of resting-state complex-valued fMRI data.

Apr 11, 2022

Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown promising results in classifying individuals with mental disorders such as schizophrenia using resting-state fMRI data. However, complex-valued fMRI dat...

How do social factors relate to blunted facial affect in schizophrenia? A digital phenotyping study using ambulatory video recordings.

Apr 04, 2022

Clinical interviews and laboratory-based emotional induction paradigms provide consistent evidence that facial affect is blunted in many individuals with schizophrenia. Although it is clear that blunt...

Butyrate emerges as a crucial effector of Zhi-Zi-Chi decoctions to ameliorate depression via multiple pathways of brain-gut axis.

Mar 28, 2022

Gut microbiota has emerged as a crucial target of gut-brain axis to influence depression. Zhi-Zi-Chi decoctions (ZZCD), as a classic oral formula in clinic, is widely applied in depression treatment n...

"It's not just the hit itself": the social practice of injecting drug use among gay and bisexual men in Australia.

Mar 07, 2022

Injecting drug use is purportedly more common among gay and bisexual men (GBM) than the general Australian population. Approaches designed to support the wellbeing of people who inject drugs may not b...

The prevalence of mental disorders among intimate partner violence exposed and non-exposed Rwandans: Findings from a national cross-sectional survey.

Feb 28, 2022

Despite mounting evidence indicating an increased risk of long-term mental disorders in Rwanda's general population, little is still known about the national prevalence of mental disorders among victi...

Development and psychometric evaluation of a questionnaire for assessing self-management behaviors in stroke survivors.

Feb 21, 2022

To develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Stroke Self-management Behaviors Performance Scale (SSBPS).This is a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study. An 11-item SSBPS was dev...

Volunteering Improves Employee Health and Organizational Outcomes through Bonding with Coworkers and Enhanced Identification with Employers.

Jan 24, 2022

To understand the determinants and consequences of employee volunteering and possible psychological mechanisms that produce these effects.Using data from more than 50,000 responses to Britain's Health...

Computational modelling of the speed-accuracy tradeoff: No evidence for an association with depression symptomatology.

Jan 17, 2022

Successful decision making often requires finding the right balance between the speed and accuracy of responding: Emphasising speed can lead to error-prone performance, yet emphasising accuracy leads ...

Effects of animal-assisted interventions for people with dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nov 22, 2021

Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) are non-pharmacological, cost-effective interventions developed to improve outcomes in patients with dementia; however, the effects remain inconclusive. The purpos...

Sex Differences and Exogenous Estrogen Influence Learning and Brain Responses to Prediction Errors.

Oct 18, 2021

Animal studies show marked sex differences as well as effects of estrogen (E2) in the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic (DA) pathways, which play a critical role in reward processing and reinforcement le...

Why cultural ecosystem services matter most: Exploring the pathways linking greenspaces and mental health in a low-income country.

Oct 11, 2021

Exposure to urban greenspaces promotes a variety of mental health benefits. However, much of the evidence for these benefits is biased towards high-income countries. In contrast, urban areas in low-in...

Cortical surface abnormalities are different depending on the stage of schizophrenia: A cross-sectional vertexwise mega-analysis of thickness, area and gyrification.

Sep 06, 2021

Brain magnetic resonance imaging studies have not investigated the cortical surface comprehensively in schizophrenia subjects by assessing thickness, surface area and gyrification separately during th...

Erectile Dysfunction and Treatment: An Analysis of Associated Chronic Health Conditions.

Aug 26, 2021

To estimate the association between an erectile dysfunction (ED) diagnosis and other chronic health conditions, as well as, the association between receiving ED treatment and these conditions.Data was...

A lay-counsellor delivered brief psychological treatment for men with comorbid Alcohol Use Disorder and depression in primary care: Secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial.

Aug 26, 2021

We investigated the feasibility, acceptability, safety, and preliminary effectiveness of the Counselling for Alcohol Problems (CAP) psychological intervention delivered by non-specialist health worker...

Association between the improvement in depressive symptoms and serum BDNF levels in drug-naive first episode patients with schizophrenia: A longitudinal follow-up.

Aug 26, 2021

Depressive symptoms are frequent clinical manifestations in patients with schizophrenia. Decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to be involved in the development of depressi...

Entry and Passage Variables Associated with Nursing Home Adjustment in Older Adults with Dementia.

Aug 23, 2021

A theory-guided non-experimental, descriptive, correlational design was used to evaluate how entry and passage variables were related to nursing home adjustment for individuals with dementia. Older ad...

The buffering role of higher romantic relationship satisfaction on the association of hazardous drinking with PTSD and depression symptoms among female military service members/veterans.

Aug 23, 2021

Studies show that more positive relationship satisfaction can mitigate the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression severity on hazardous drinking in military samples. However, p...

Prevalence of Internet Addiction and Its Relationship With Combinations of Physical Activity and Screen-Based Sedentary Behavior Among Adolescents in China.

Aug 16, 2021

Given the widespread prevalence and serious nature of Internet addiction (IA), this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of IA and assess the relationships between IA and combinations of physical ac...

Causal inference under interference with prognostic scores for dynamic group therapy studies.

Aug 16, 2021

Group therapy is a common treatment modality for behavioral health conditions. Patients often enter and exit groups on an ongoing basis, leading to dynamic therapy groups. Examining the effect of high...