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Opioids

National Trends and Prescription Patterns in Opiate Analgesia

Jul 08, 2022

For a study, researchers sought to examine the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) database for regional and temporal patterns, as well as characteristics linked with the chance ...

Healthcare Exposure Ups Opioid Misuse Risk in Young Adults

Jun 24, 2022

Young adults exposed to inpatient hospitalizations, EDs, or mental health facilities had an increased risk for opioid misuse later in adulthood. Opioid misuse increased dramatically throughout ...

From the Physician Editor-in-Chief - Chronic Pain: We Need to Ask “Why?”

May 31, 2022

According to the CDC, there are approximately 50 million people in the US living in chronic pain. We all know about the opioid crisis, and this knowledge has done nothing to help alleviate pain many a...

A descriptive survey of substance use treatment facilities in Uasin Gishu County Kenya.

May 16, 2022

Substance use disorders are a major problem in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. The objective of this study was to describe the existing resources within substance use treatment facilities in the County, wi...

Analgesic effect of auricular point acupressure for acute pain in patients with dementia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

May 16, 2022

Common and frequent as acute pain is, it is often underestimated and undertreated in older people with dementia in nursing homes and inadequate pain management remains an issue.The study is designed t...

A qualitative exploration of daily path and daily routine among people in Ukraine who inject drugs to understand associated harms.

May 09, 2022

Patterns of movement, heterogeneity of context, and individual space-time patterns affect health, and individuals' movement throughout the landscape is shaped by addiction, meeting basic needs, and ma...

Impacts of a Medicaid "lock-in" program on opioid use disorder treatment and services and naloxone dispensing.

Mar 14, 2022

"Lock-in" programs are used by health insurers to reduce the risk of adverse outcomes that can result from overutilization of opioids and other controlled substances. We estimated the association betw...

"It's not just the hit itself": the social practice of injecting drug use among gay and bisexual men in Australia.

Mar 07, 2022

Injecting drug use is purportedly more common among gay and bisexual men (GBM) than the general Australian population. Approaches designed to support the wellbeing of people who inject drugs may not b...

TMS for the functional evaluation of cannabis effects and for treatment of cannabis addiction: A review.

Feb 28, 2022

The knowledge about the effects of cannabis on human cortical brain processes is increasing. In this regard, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) enables the evaluation of central nervous system fu...

Parent-adolescent relationships, peer relationships, and adolescent mobile phone addiction: The mediating role of psychological needs satisfaction.

Feb 14, 2022

Prior studies have shown that parent-adolescent relationships and peer relationships may be important factors associated with adolescent mobile phone addiction (MPA). The present study aims to further...

Comparison of Health Care Expenditures Among U.S. Older Adults With Pain Who Reported Frequent Exercise Versus Nonfrequent Exercise.

Dec 27, 2021

This cross-sectional study included a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults aged ≥50 years with self-reported pain in the past 4 weeks from the 2018 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Adjus...

Are short AUDIT screeners effective in identifying unhealthy drinking of varying severity? A prison population study.

Nov 22, 2021

Whether brief versions of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) can be used as graded severity measures is largely unknown. We examined the performance of eight such brief screeners in ...

Safety and efficacy of alpha-lipoic acid oral supplementation in the reduction of pain with unknown etiology: A monocentric, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Oct 18, 2021

Extensive evidence suggests that alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is effective in diabetic neuropathy pain management. However, little is known on its safety and efficacy in reducing idiopathic pain in normogl...

Insecure Attachment Styles and Unbalanced Family Functioning as Risk Factors of Problematic Smartphone Use in Spanish Young Adults: A Relative Weight Analysis.

Sep 27, 2021

Young adulthood is the life stage during which people are more prone to develop problematic smartphone use (PSU). Only one study investigated the relationship among attachment styles, family functioni...

An examination of abstinence social support among recovery home residents with psychiatric comorbidity.

Sep 13, 2021

Although social support is a resource that helps persons in their recovery from substance use disorders, it is not clear whether specific types buffer the effects of stress and optimize outcomes for t...

Shape constraint function for artery tracking in ultrasound images.

Aug 26, 2021

Ultrasound guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) has emerged as a powerful technique for pain management in the operating theatre. It uses ultrasound imaging to visualize anatomical structures, the needle...

Real time monitoring of dopamine release evoked by mitragynine (Kratom): An insight through electrochemical sensor.

Aug 23, 2021

Mitragynine, the major indole alkaloid from Mitragyna speciosa has been reported previously to possess abuse liability. However, there are insufficient data suggesting the mechanism through which this...

Using conventional and machine learning propensity score methods to examine the effectiveness of 12-step group involvement following inpatient addiction treatment.

Aug 16, 2021

Continuing care following inpatient addiction treatment is an important component in the continuum of clinical services. Mutual help, including 12-step groups like Alcoholics Anonymous, is often recom...

Cannabidiol-based natural health products for companion animals: Recent advances in the management of anxiety, pain, and inflammation.

Aug 16, 2021

Recent advances in cannabidiol (CBD) use in canines and felines for anxiety management, pain management, and anti-inflammatory effects were reviewed using a literature search conducted with the follow...

"I Know It Is Going to Ruin Their Life:" Fortune-Telling, Agency, and Harm Reduction in Narratives Concerning Injection Initiation Assistance.

Aug 05, 2021

Considering most people who inject drugs (PWID) received help with the first injection, understanding the perspective of potential 'initiators' is a priority to inform harm reduction interventions. Th...