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Pneumonia

Molecular detection and characterization of highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from a natural outbreak in wild pigs, Mizoram, India.

Aug 19, 2021

This study reports for the first time a natural outbreak of highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (HP-PRRS) caused by HP-PRRS virus (HP-PRRSV) in wild pigs characterized by s...

Long-Term Acute Care Hospital Outcomes of Mechanically Ventilated Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Aug 19, 2021

To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of adult patients with coronavirus disease 2019 requiring weaning from prolonged mechanical ventilation.Observational cohort study of patients adm...

Lung Ultrasound Effectively Detects HIV-Associated Interstitial Pulmonary Disease.

Aug 19, 2021

Prospective evaluation of lung ultrasound in comparison to radiography and CT for detection of HIV-related lung diseases. Ultrasound examinations in HIV-positive patients were evaluated by three rater...

A case-control study on the association between periodontitis and coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Aug 05, 2021

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and periodontitis share common characteristics, such as an exaggerated inflammatory response. As periodontal diseases were shown to be associated with respiratory diseas...

Coronavirus Disease Analysis using Chest X-ray Images and a Novel Deep Convolutional Neural Network.

Aug 05, 2021

The recent emergence of a highly infectious and contagious respiratory viral disease known as COVID-19 has vastly impacted human lives and overloaded the health care system. Therefore, it is crucial t...

Mucormycosis and COVID-19: An Epidemic within a Pandemic in India.

Jul 15, 2021

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) causes an immunosuppressed state and increases risk of secondary infections like mucormycosis. We evaluated clinical features, predisposing factors, diagnosis and outcom...

French Multicentre Observational Study on SARS-CoV-2 infections Intensive care initial management: the FRENCH CORONA Study.

Jul 15, 2021

Describing acute respiratory distress syndrome patterns, therapeutics management, and outcomes of ICU COVID-19 patients and to determine risk factors of 28-day mortality.Prospective multicentre, cohor...

Impact of SARS-CoV-2 in hematopoietic stem cell transplant and CAR-T cell therapy recipients.

Jul 15, 2021

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a respiratory illness caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was declared a pandemic in March 2020, and has caused over ...

Hyperbaric hyperoxemia as a risk factor for ventilator-acquired pneumonia?

Jun 24, 2021

Ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP) is the leading cause of serious associated infections in Intensive Care Units (ICU) and is associated with significant morbidity. The use of hyperbaric oxygen thera...

COVID-19 pneumonia in Galicia (Spain): Impact of prognostic factors and therapies on mortality and need for mechanical ventilation.

Jun 24, 2021

This study was aimed to identify risk factors associated with unfavorable outcomes (composite outcome variable: mortality and need for mechanical ventilation) in patients hospitalized in Galicia with ...

Sarcopenic dysphagia following COVID-19 infection: A new danger.

Jun 24, 2021

Oropharyngeal dysphagia is one of the complications of endotracheal intubation. As expected, cases of dysphagia following coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reported to date have all been intubated. ...

Lung ultrasound score as a tool to monitor disease progression and detect ventilator-associated pneumonia during COVID-19-associated ARDS.

Jun 10, 2021

Lung ultrasound can accurately detect pandemic coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pulmonary lesions. A lung ultrasound score (LUS) was developed to improve reproducibility of the technique.To evaluate the...

Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Monitoring of Cerebral Oxygenation and Influencing Factors in Neonates from High-Altitude Areas.

Jun 10, 2021

Accurate detection of cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) may be useful for neonatal brain injury prevention, and the normal range of rSO2 of neonates at high altitude remained unclear.To compare cerebr...

Management of urinary tract infections and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolates.

Jun 10, 2021

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common infections affecting individuals of different ages worldwide. Antimicrobial agents are usually the first-line treatment for UTIs, and the use ...

Clinical predictors and neural correlates for compromised swallowing safety in Huntington's Disease.

Jun 03, 2021

Dysphagia is one of the most common and important complications in Huntington's Disease (HD), frequently leading to aspiration pneumonia and mortality. Objective estimates of prevalence using instrume...

Use of a Genomic Classifier in Patients with Interstitial Lung Disease: A Systematic Review.

Jun 03, 2021

Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is the histopathologic hallmark of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), the prototypical interstitial lung disease (ILD). Diagnosis of IPF requires a typical UIP pat...

An acquired acyltransferase promotes Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 respiratory infection.

Jun 03, 2021

Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 is a human pathogen associated with poor outcomes worldwide. We identify a member of the acyltransferase superfamily 3 (atf3), enriched within the ST258 clade, that provide...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pneumonia Causes a Loss of Type-3 and an Increase in Type-1 Innate Lymphoid Cells in the Gut.

May 06, 2021

Sepsis induces gut barrier dysfunction characterized by increased gut epithelial apoptosis and increased intestinal permeability. The cytokine IL-22 has been demonstrated to regulate gut barrier funct...

Mesenteric Tear Can Be Caused by Abdominal Counter-Pressure Applied During Colonoscopy.

Apr 19, 2021

BACKGROUND We report the case of a patient undergoing a colonoscopy during which pressure applied on the abdomen by a nurse assisting in the procedure caused an extraluminal mesenteric tear. Mesenteri...

Data valuation for medical imaging using Shapley value and application to a large-scale chest X-ray dataset.

Apr 19, 2021

The reliability of machine learning models can be compromised when trained on low quality data. Many large-scale medical imaging datasets contain low quality labels extracted from sources such as medi...