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Anesthesiology

Effect of local anesthetics on postoperative pain in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials.

May 17, 2021

Pain remains a common complication following gynecological laparoscopy. Use of local anesthesia may be beneficial in reducing postoperative pain. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to ...

Evaluating the efficacy and safety of ureteral stent placement as a preoperative procedure for gynecological cancer surgeries: A retrospective cohort study.

May 13, 2021

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ureteral stent placement (USP) as a preoperative procedure for gynecological cancer surgeries.This was a single-institution retrospective cohort study of 259 pat...

Dexamethasone and Surgical-Site Infection.

May 06, 2021

The glucocorticoid dexamethasone prevents nausea and vomiting after surgery, but there is concern that it may increase the risk of surgical-site infection.In this pragmatic, international, noninferior...

Anterior insula regulates brain network transitions that gate conscious access.

May 06, 2021

Conscious access to sensory information is likely gated at an intermediate site between primary sensory and transmodal association cortices, but the structure responsible remains unknown. We perform f...

An observational study of postoperative handoff standardization failures.

May 03, 2021

Patient handoffs from an operating room (OR) to an intensive care unit (ICU) require precise coordination among surgical, anesthesia, and critical care teams. Although several standardized handoff str...

Risk factors for delirium after vascular surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Apr 29, 2021

Vascular surgery is considered a risk factor for the development of postoperative delirium (POD). In this systematic review we provide a report on the incidence and risk-factors of POD after vascular ...

Risk assessment of occupational exposure to anesthesia Isoflurane in the hospital and veterinary settings.

Apr 19, 2021

Despite the modern ventilation and waste anesthetic gas (WAG) scavenging systems, occupational exposure to common volatile anesthesia, isoflurane, can occur in the hospital and veterinary settings, bu...

Perioperative high inspired oxygen fraction induces atelectasis in patients undergoing abdominal surgery: A randomized controlled trial.

Apr 12, 2021

We evaluated the feasibility of use and effects on postoperative atelectasis and complications of lower inspired oxygen fraction (FIO) compared to conventional oxygen therapy.Single center, randomized...

Ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane block for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing open radical prostatectomy: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Apr 12, 2021

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane (ESP) block on postoperative pain in radical prostatectomy, which leads to both visceral and somatic pain.Pro...

Transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic versus conventional vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension for apical compartment prolapse.

Apr 12, 2021

The objective of this study was to compare surgical and short-term postoperative outcomes of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) versus conventional vaginal (CV) uter...

Identification and economic burden of main adverse events of nerve injuries caused by regional anesthesia: a systematic review.

Apr 08, 2021

Anesthesiologists and hospitals are increasingly confronted with costs associated with the complications of Peripheral Nerve Blocks (PNB) procedures. The objective of our study was to identify the inc...

Intraocular pressure during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy: a prospective observational study.

Apr 08, 2021

Although previous reports have shown intraocular pressure changes during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy, they did not discuss the time course of changes or the timing of the largest chang...

The effect of wide-awake anesthesia, intravenous regional anesthesia, and infraclavicular brachial plexus block on cost and clinical scores of patients undergoing hand surgery.

Apr 08, 2021

The aim of our study was to compare the clinical results and costs of wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT), intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA), and infraclavicular brachial plexus bl...

Predictors of delayed extubation following lung resection: Focusing on preoperative pulmonary function and incentive spirometry.

Apr 01, 2021

Delayed extubation is one of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). Preoperative pulmonary function test (PFT) is an important assessment for patients undergoing lung resection. Volume-oriented...

Efficacy of Electroacupuncture Combined with Tropisetron in Treating Carboprost Tromethamine-Induced Nausea and Vomiting during Cesarean Section under Lumbar Anesthesia.

Apr 01, 2021

We evaluated the efficacy of electroacupuncture combined with tropisetron in treating carboprost tromethamine-induced nausea and vomiting during cesarean section under lumbar anesthesia.A total of 264...

The use of laryngeal mask airway for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.

Mar 29, 2021

Patients undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy traditionally receive anesthesia with endotracheal intubation (ETT) for airway management. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) may be used instead and m...

An operator-independent artificial finger can differentiate anterior vaginal wall indentation parameters between control and prolapse patients.

Mar 25, 2021

In this study, the reproducibility and validity of an automated artificial finger for evaluating properties of vaginal wall tissue was assessed. The effect of angle and rate of indentation on displaci...

Longitudinal associations between exposure to anesthesia and neurocognitive functioning in pediatric medulloblastoma.

Mar 22, 2021

To examine whether anesthesia exposure is associated with neurocognitive decline in pediatric medulloblastoma.Patients were treated at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and completed ≥2 protocol...

Regional anesthetics versus analgesia for stopping the persistent post-surgical pain: A meta-analysis.

Mar 22, 2021

Regional anesthesia might moderate the risk of persistent post-surgical pain, but its effect compared to systemic analgesia is still conflicting. This meta-analysis study was performed to assess the r...

Postoperative Pulmonary Complications' Association with Sugammadex versus Neostigmine.

Mar 18, 2021

Postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade related to nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents may be associated with pulmonary complications. In this study, the authors sought to determine wh...