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Neurosurgery

Characterisation of the testicular transcriptome in stallions with age-related testicular degeneration.

May 16, 2022

Age-related testicular degeneration can be defined as the progressive deterioration of the testis that typically occurs in middle-aged or older males and that leads to diminished testicular function a...

Evaluation of the economic impact of classical and African swine fever epidemics using OutCosT, a new spreadsheet-based tool.

May 09, 2022

African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF) are two major transboundary animal diseases of swine with important socioeconomic consequences at farm, subnational and national level. The ob...

Pelvic exenteration: a review of current issues/controversies.

May 02, 2022

Management of advanced or recurrent pelvic cancer has evolved dramatically over the past few decades. Patients who were previously considered inoperable are now candidates for potentially curative sur...

["Two spaces" lateral lymph node dissection based on fascia anatomy for low rectal cancer].

Apr 25, 2022

As a treatment of rectal cancer, lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) is still a controversial issue. The argument against LLND is that the procedure is complicated, and consequently results in a high...

[Clinical controversy and research thoughts on lymphadenectomy of gastric cancer].

Apr 25, 2022

Lymphadenectomy, as one of the controversial foci in clinic, is an extremely important part of radical surgery for gastric cancer. So far, the preliminary consensus has been reached on the scope and n...

Optimizing management of invasions in an uncertain world using dynamic spatial models.

Apr 11, 2022

Dispersal drives invasion dynamics of non-native species and pathogens. Applying knowledge of dispersal to optimize management of invasions can mean the difference between a failed or successful contr...

Effect of Intra-arterial Alteplase vs Placebo Following Successful Thrombectomy on Functional Outcomes in Patients With Large Vessel Occlusion Acute Ischemic Stroke

Mar 28, 2022

For a study, researchers sought to determine if adding intra-arterial alteplase after thrombectomy improves outcomes after reperfusion. From December 2018 to May 2021, 7 stroke centers participated in...

Outcomes of long-term von Willebrand factor prophylaxis use in von Willebrand disease: A systematic literature review.

Mar 28, 2022

Von Willebrand Disease (VWD) is a common inherited bleeding disorder. Patients with VWD suffering from severe bleeding may benefit from the use of secondary long-term prophylaxis.Systematically summar...

Litigation related to anaesthesia: analysis of claims against the NHS in England 2008-2018 and comparison against previous claim patterns.

Mar 07, 2022

We reviewed all 1230 claims against anaesthesia notified to NHS Resolution (formerly the NHS Litigation Authority, 1995-2017) in England between 2008 and 2018. Claims were categorised by incident type...

Host-induced gene silencing reveals the role of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum oxaloacetate acetylhydrolase gene in fungal oxalic acid accumulation and virulence.

Feb 21, 2022

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, the causal agent of Sclerotinia stem rot, is a devastating necrotrophic pathogen which causes severe yield losses to oilseed production worldwide. Most of efforts at the gene...

Luteoloside Ameliorates Palmitic Acid-Induced in Vitro Model of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease via Activating STAT3-Triggered Hepatocyte Regeneration.

Feb 14, 2022

Luteoloside (Lute), a bioactive natural ingredient, widely exists in nature and possesses hepatoprotective and hepatocyte proliferation-promoting properties. This study aimed to investigate whether Lu...

Long-term exposure to air pollution and the blood lipid levels of healthy young men.

Feb 07, 2022

There is insufficient evidence of an association between long-term exposure to air pollution and changes in blood lipid levels, and assessments may be influenced by residual confounding factors, such ...

Macrophage activation in response to shape memory polymer foam-coated aneurysm occlusion devices.

Jan 31, 2022

Brain aneurysms can be treated with embolic coils using minimally invasive approaches. It is advantageous to modulate the biologic response of platinum embolic coils. Our previous studies demonstrated...

Analysis of cannabidiol (CBD) and THC in nonprescription consumer products: Implications for patients and practitioners.

Jan 10, 2022

Cannabidiol products remains largely unregulated in the US. Unlike the Rx formulation of CBD [Epidiolex], little information is available regarding labeling accuracy (does the product contain what the...

Skin preparation for prevention of surgical site infection after obstetrics and gynecological abdominal surgery: A quality improvement project.

Dec 27, 2021

One of the most common causes of postoperative morbidity is postoperative surgical site infection (SSI). Healthcare-associated infection is a subject of great concern in healthcare services. The goal ...

[Research progress on the effects of the interactions between phage and periodontal pathogens on periodontal disease].

Dec 20, 2021

Periodontal disease is among the most prevalent oral diseases. As viruses that may infect bacteria, bacteriophages constitute an important component of the oral microbiome. With the advances in bioinf...

Effect of natural garlic essential oil on chickens with artificially infected Eimeria tenella.

Nov 29, 2021

Chicken coccidiosis is a kind of parasitic protozoosis caused by Eimeria parasitizing in the chicken intestinal epithelial cells. Eimeria tenella is considered as a significantly virulent and harmful ...

Powering smart contact lenses for continuous health monitoring: Recent advancements and future challenges.

Nov 22, 2021

As the tear is noninvasively and continuously available, it has been turned into a convenient biological interface as a wearable medical device for out-of-hospital and self-monitoring applications. Re...

[Safety and short-term efficacy of domestic magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermotherapy in the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy].

Nov 15, 2021

To investigate the safety and short-term efficacy of domestic magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermotherapy (MRgLITT) in the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy. Patients with drug-res...

Image quality, contrast enhancement and radiation dose of ECG-triggered versus non-ECG-triggered imaging of the aorta on a single source 256-slice CT scanner.

Oct 25, 2021

Computed tomography angiography of the aorta (CTAA) is the modality of choice for investigating aortic disease. Our aim was to evaluate image quality, contrast enhancement and radiation dose of electr...