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Urinary Incontinence Urology

A multimodal intervention to optimise antimicrobial use in residential aged care facilities (ENGAGEMENT): protocol for a stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial.

May 23, 2022

Inappropriate antibiotic use can cause harm and promote antimicrobial resistance, which has been declared a major health challenge by the World Health Organization. In Australian residential aged care...

Nomogram for diagnosing acute pyelonephritis in pediatric urinary tract infection.

May 16, 2022

For risk stratification and individualized treatment for children with urinary tract infection (UTI), they must be assessed for the presence of acute pyelonephritis (APN). Our study aimed to combine v...

Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair of a congenital rectourethral fistula with duplicated urethra.

May 09, 2022

To describe our experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic transperitoneal repair of a congenital rectourethral fistula in a pediatric patient with a urethral duplication.The patient is a 2-year-old ...

Pathological Significance and Prognostic Role of WWC1 in Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Cancer.

May 02, 2022

WW and C2 domain-containing 1 (WWC1) protein is a suppressor of malignancies. However, there is no information on the pathological significance of WWC1 in upper urinary tract cancer (UTUC).In this stu...

Nontarget Radiopaque Embolic Deposition during Prostatic Artery Embolization.

May 02, 2022

This study evaluated detectable nontarget embolization (NTE) during prostatic artery embolization (PAE) and the safety and efficacy of using radiopaque particles in PAE. Ten patients aged >40 years...

Perioperative parameters to consider for enhanced recovery in surgery (ERS) in gynecology (excluding breast surgery).

Apr 11, 2022

The current review explores the Enhanced Rehabilitation in Surgery (ERS) approach in the specific context of gynecological surgery. Implementation of an ERS protocol in gynecological surgery reduces p...

Infective Endocarditis Caused by Pseudomonas luteola in a Pediatric Patient. A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Apr 04, 2022

BACKGROUND Pseudomonas luteola (P. luteola) is a Gram-negative, oxidase-negative is an environmental organism that is isolated from soil, water, and damping areas, and is rarely found as a human patho...

Visual impression of the colon over giant hydronephrosis in a child: A case report.

Mar 28, 2022

Giant hydronephrosis is a rare manifestation of upper urinary tract obstruction. On clinical examination, a colonic band of resonance is appreciated on percussion due to presence of transverse colon a...

In-depth characterisation of the urine metabolome in cats with and without urinary tract diseases.

Mar 21, 2022

Our understanding of the urine metabolome and its association with urinary tract disease is limited in cats.We conducted a case-control study to characterise the feline urine metabolome, investigate i...

Sensory Sparing Does Not Change Long-term Outcomes in Motor Complete Spinal Cord Injuries.

Feb 07, 2022

In the acute post injury setting, the prognostic value of sensory sparing among motor complete spinal injury patients has been well demonstrated. However, once final AIS grade is achieved one year pos...

Remodeling of extracellular matrix in the urinary bladder of paraplegic rats results in increased compliance and delayed fiber recruitment 16 weeks after spinal cord injury.

Jan 17, 2022

The ability of the urinary bladder to maintain low intravesical pressures while storing urine is key in ensuring proper organ function and highlights the key role that tissue mechanics plays in the lo...

Assessment and Treatment of Nocturia in Endocrine Disease in a Primary Care Setting: Systematic Review and Nominal Group Technique Consensus.

Jan 10, 2022

Salt and water homeostasis is regulated hormonally, so polyuria can result from endocrine disease directly or via secondary effects. These mechanisms are not consistently considered in primary care ma...

Effectiveness and Safety of Intradetrusor OnabotulinumtoxinA Injection for Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity and Overactive Bladder Patients in Taiwan-A Phase IV Prospective, Interventional, Multiple-Center Study (Restore Study).

Dec 27, 2021

We conducted a phase IV, pre/post multi-center study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injection in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO, = 119) o...

Excluding embryos with two novel mutations in gene by the next-generation sequencing-based single nucleotide polymorphism haplotyping.

Nov 29, 2021

Fraser syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive malformation disorder. It is characterized by cryptophthalmos, syndactyly, urinary tract abnormalities and ambiguous genitalia. This condition is due to h...

Potential radioprotective properties of arbutin against ionising radiation on human leukocytes in vitro.

Nov 22, 2021

Arbutin is a simple phenolic glucoside biosynthesised in many plant families. Some of the everyday foods that contain arbutin are species of the genus Origanum, peaches, cereal products, coffee and te...

Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Detection of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer: What Urologists Need to Know. Part 4: Transperineal Magnetic Resonance-Ultrasound Fusion Guided Biopsy Using Local Anesthesia.

Nov 22, 2021

Transperineal magnetic resonance imaging-transrectal ultrasound fusion guided biopsy (MFGB) is an increasingly popular technique due to increasing rates of biopsy-related infections. However, its wide...

A Biomimetic non-antibiotic Nanoplatform for low-temperature Photothermal Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

Nov 08, 2021

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) remain a matter of concern, as the clinical use of multiple antibiotics induces antibiotic resistance in bacteria, resul...

Priorities for child health research across the UK and Ireland.

Nov 01, 2021

The General and Adolescent Paediatric Research Network in the UK and Ireland (GAPRUKI) was established in 2016. The aims of GAPRUKI are to unite general paediatricians around the UK and Ireland, to de...

The role of surgery on primary site in metastatic upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma and a nomogram for predicting the survival of patients with metastatic upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma.

Oct 18, 2021

Metastatic upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (mUTUC) is a relatively rare urothelial carcinoma, and little attention has been given to it. Our study established a nomogram by analyzing the prog...

Practice patterns and outcomes of maintenance dialysis in children < 2 years of age: a report of the North American Pediatric Renal Trials and Collaborative Studies (NAPRTCS).

Oct 18, 2021

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the preferred mode of kidney replacement therapy (KRT) in infants and young children with kidney failure. Hemodialysis (HD) is used less often due to the technical challeng...