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Catheter-related blood stream infections in hemodialysis patients: a prospective cohort study.

Catheter-related blood stream infections in hemodialysis patients: a prospective cohort study.
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Thompson S, Wiebe N, Klarenbach S, Pelletier R, Hemmelgarn BR, Gill JS, Manns BJ, Tonelli M, ,


Thompson S, Wiebe N, Klarenbach S, Pelletier R, Hemmelgarn BR, Gill JS, Manns BJ, Tonelli M, , (click to view)

Thompson S, Wiebe N, Klarenbach S, Pelletier R, Hemmelgarn BR, Gill JS, Manns BJ, Tonelli M, ,

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BMC nephrology 2017 12 0818(1) 357 doi 10.1186/s12882-017-0773-5
Abstract
BACKGROUND
For people requiring hemodialysis, infectious mortality is independently associated with geographic distance from a nephrologist. We aimed to determine if differential management of catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs) could explain poorer outcomes.

METHODS
We prospectively collected data from adults initiating hemodialysis with a central venous catheter between 2005 and 2015 in Alberta, Canada. We collected indicators of CRBSI management (timely catheter removal, relapsing bacteremia); frequency of CRBSIs; hospitalizations; predictors of CRBSIs, and bacteremia. We evaluated indicators and infectious episodes as a function of the shortest distance by road to the closest nephrologist’s practice: <50 (referent); 50-99; and ≥100 km. RESULTS
One thousand one hundred thirty-one participants were followed for a median of 755 days (interquartile range (IQR) 219, 1465) and used dialysis catheters for a median of 565 days (IQR 176, 1288). Compared to the referent group, there was no significant difference in the rate ratio (RR) of CRBSI in the 50-100 and >100 km distance categories: RR 1.63; 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.91, 2.91); RR 0.84 (95% CI 0.44, 1.58); p = 0.87, respectively or in bacteremia: RR 1.42; (95% CI 0.83, 2.45); RR 0.79 (95% CI 0.45,1.39) p = 0.74, respectively. There were no differences in indicators of appropriate CRBSI management or hospitalizations according to distance. The overall incidence of CRBSIs was low (0.19 per 1000 catheter days) as was the frequency of relapse. Only liver disease was independently associated with CRBSI (RR 2.11; 95% CI 1.15, 3.86).

CONCLUSIONS
The frequency and management of CRBSIs did not differ by location; however, event rates were low.

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