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CatSperζ regulates the structural continuity of sperm Ca(2+) signaling domains and is required for normal fertility.

CatSperζ regulates the structural continuity of sperm Ca(2+) signaling domains and is required for normal fertility.
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Chung JJ, Miki K, Kim D, Shim SH, Shi HF, Hwang JY, Cai X, Iseri Y, Zhuang X, Clapham DE,


Chung JJ, Miki K, Kim D, Shim SH, Shi HF, Hwang JY, Cai X, Iseri Y, Zhuang X, Clapham DE, (click to view)

Chung JJ, Miki K, Kim D, Shim SH, Shi HF, Hwang JY, Cai X, Iseri Y, Zhuang X, Clapham DE,

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eLife 2017 02 226() doi 10.7554/eLife.23082
Abstract

We report that the Gm7068 (CatSperε) and Tex40 (CatSperζ) genes encode novel subunits of a 9-subunit CatSper ion channel complex. Targeted disruption of CatSperζ reduces CatSper current and sperm rheotactic efficiency in mice, resulting in severe male subfertility. Normally distributed in linear quadrilateral nanodomains along the flagellum, the complex lacking CatSperζ is disrupted at ~0.8 μm intervals along the flagellum. This disruption renders the proximal flagellum inflexible and alters the 3D flagellar envelope, thus preventing sperm from reorienting against fluid flow in vitro and efficiently migrating in vivo. Ejaculated CatSperζ-null sperm cells retrieved from the mated female uterus partially rescue in vitro fertilization (IVF) that failed with epididymal spermatozoa alone. Human CatSperε is quadrilaterally arranged along the flagella, similar to the CatSper complex in mouse sperm. We speculate that the newly identified CatSperζ subunit is a late evolutionary adaptation to maximize fertilization inside the mammalian female reproductive tract.

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