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Cattle with the BoLA class II DRB3*0902 allele have significantly lower bovine leukemia proviral loads.

Cattle with the BoLA class II DRB3*0902 allele have significantly lower bovine leukemia proviral loads.
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Hayashi T, Mekata H, Sekiguchi S, Kirino Y, Mitoma S, Honkawa K, Horii Y, Norimine J,


Hayashi T, Mekata H, Sekiguchi S, Kirino Y, Mitoma S, Honkawa K, Horii Y, Norimine J, (click to view)

Hayashi T, Mekata H, Sekiguchi S, Kirino Y, Mitoma S, Honkawa K, Horii Y, Norimine J,

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The Journal of veterinary medical science 2017 07 2879(9) 1552-1555 doi 10.1292/jvms.16-0601

Abstract

The bovine MHC (BoLA) class II DRB3 alleles are associated with polyclonal expansion of lymphocytes caused by bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection in cattle. To examine whether the DRB3*0902 allele, one of the resistance-associated alleles, is associated with the proviral load, we measured BLV proviral load of BLV-infected cattle and clarified their DRB3 alleles. Fifty-seven animals with DRB3*0902 were identified out of 835 BLV-infected cattle and had significantly lower proviral load (P<0.000001) compared with the rest of the infected animals, in both Japanese Black and Holstein cattle. This result strongly indicates that the BoLA class II DRA/DRB3*0902 molecule plays an important immunological role in suppressing viral replication, resulting in resistance to the disease progression.

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