The present study aims to investigate the effects of CCR3 gene knockout in bone marrow cells (CCR3-KO) on the mouse model of combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome (CARAS). It was found that CCR3-KO significantly reduced eosinophil (EOS) migration into the nasal (NALF) and bronchoalveolar (BALF) cavities of mice, and decreased Th2 cytokines (such as, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13) levels in nasal mucosa and lung tissues. In addition, histological analysis showed that the damage degree of nasal mucosa structure in ovalbumin (OVA) modulated CCR3-KO mice was significantly less than that in OVA modulated Wild type (WT) mice, with reduced inflammatory cell infiltration and nasal mucus secretion. The infiltration of inflammatory cells in lung tissue was significantly reduced, and the proliferation of lung smooth muscle layer and extracellular matrix (ECM) production were decreased. Symptom analysis showed that CCR3-KO can reduced allergic rhinitis (AR) signals as nose scratching and sneezing. It was also found CCR3-KO reduce OVA-induced weight loss. The results showed that CCR3-KO could reduce the symptoms of allergic inflammation in CARAS mice by reducing airway inflammatory cell infiltration and down-regulating the expression of Th2 cytokines, and CCR3 gene could be used as a target gene for the treatment of CARAS.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.