Scientific reports 2018 05 258(1) 8171 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-25837-3

Abstract

Macrophages (MΦs) are involved in folliculogenesis and ovulation. However, it is unknown which type of MΦ, M1 or M2, plays a more essential role in the ovary. CD206 or CD11c diphtheria toxin receptor transgenic (DTR) mice, which enable depletion of CD206+ M2 MΦs and CD11c+ MΦ or CD11c+ Dendritic cells (DCs), respectively, were used. Oocytes were used for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. In vitro fertilized embryos derived from M2 MΦ depleted oocytes were transferred to pseudo pregnant wild type mice. CD11c DTR mice were also used to investigate the role of CD11c cells, M1 MΦ and DCs in folliculogenesis. In WT mice, the proportion of CD206+ M2-like MΦs was not increased in follicular induction, while that of CD11c+ M1-like MΦs was increased. In CD206 DTR mice, folliculogenesis was normal and the ovulation number, fertilization rate, and implantation rate were similar to those in WT mice. In CD11c DTR mice, folliculogenesis was impaired with ovarian hemorrhage and the staining of platelet derived growth factor-receptor β (PDGF-Rβ), a marker of pericytes, and CD34, a marker of endothelial cells, was reduced. CD11c+ cells, M1 MΦs or DCs, may be involved in folliculogenesis, while M2 MΦs are not involved in folliculogenesis.