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CD36 overexpression: a possible etiopathogenic mechanism of atherosclerosis in patients with prediabetes and diabetes.

CD36 overexpression: a possible etiopathogenic mechanism of atherosclerosis in patients with prediabetes and diabetes.
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Lopez-Carmona MD, Plaza-Seron MC, Vargas-Candela A, Tinahones FJ, Gomez-Huelgas R, Bernal-Lopez MR,


Lopez-Carmona MD, Plaza-Seron MC, Vargas-Candela A, Tinahones FJ, Gomez-Huelgas R, Bernal-Lopez MR, (click to view)

Lopez-Carmona MD, Plaza-Seron MC, Vargas-Candela A, Tinahones FJ, Gomez-Huelgas R, Bernal-Lopez MR,

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Diabetology & metabolic syndrome 2017 07 189() 55 doi 10.1186/s13098-017-0253-x
Abstract
RATIONALE
CD36 is a scavenger receptor located on monocytes which is involved in foam cell transformation.

AIM
To evaluate CD36 expression under different glycemic states in both healthy subjects and in atherosclerotic patients.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS
In order to evaluate the possible effects of hyperglycemia on CD36 expression in healthy subjects, an in vitro experiment was carried out using monocyte in three different conditions: extreme hyperglycemia (HG), euglycemia (EG) and in the absence of glucose. On the other hand, three groups of atherosclerotic patients were evaluated according to their glycemic conditions: normoglycemic (NG), prediabetic (preDM) and diabetic (DM) patients. CD36 expression (mRNA, non-glycated and glycated protein) was analyzed in monocytes.

RESULTS
CD36 mRNA expression in the in vitro experiment peaked at 4 and 24 h under HG conditions. No differences in mRNA levels were found in the EG and control group. The level of non-glycated proteins was higher in HG and EG conditions compared with control group. Glycated protein expression was inhibited by glucose in a sustained manner. In atherosclerotic patients, a significant association was observed when comparing glycated CD36 protein expression in DM with NG patients (p = 0.03). No significant differences were found in mRNA and non-glycated CD36 expression in these patients. Moreover, BMI, insulin, weight and treatment were shown to be related to CD36 expression (mRNA, non-glycated and glycated protein levels, depending of the case) in atherosclerotic patients.

CONCLUSIONS
Hyperglycemia is an important modulator of CD36 mRNA and non-glycated protein expression in vitro, increasing de novo synthesis in healthy subjects. In atherosclerotic patients, there are progressive increases in CD36 receptors, which may be due to a post-translational stimulus.

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