Intravenous cefiderocol (Fetroja; Fetcroja) is the first siderophore cephalosporin approved for the treatment of adults with serious Gram-negative bacterial infections. Cefiderocol is stable against all four Ambler classes of β-lactamases (including metallo-β-lactamases) and exhibits excellent in vitro activity against many clinically relevant Gram-negative pathogens, including multidrug resistant strains. In randomized, double-blind clinical trials, cefiderocol was noninferior to imipenem/cilastatin for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) and to meropenem for nosocomial pneumonia. Furthermore, in a pathogen-focused clinical trial in patients with carbapenem-resistant (CR) infections, cefiderocol showed comparable efficacy to best available therapy (BAT), albeit all-cause mortality rate was higher in the cefiderocol arm, the cause of which has not been established. Cefiderocol had a good tolerability and safety profile in clinical trials. Thus cefiderocol is a novel, emerging, useful addition to the current treatment options for adults with susceptible Gram-negative bacterial infections (including cUTI and nosocomial pneumonia) for whom there are limited treatment options.© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.