Cancer medicine 2018 02 23() doi 10.1002/cam4.1364
The human CGB5 gene encodes chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)β 5, which is aberrantly expressed in trophoblastic neoplasm and in some non-trophoblastic neoplasms. Fucntional studies observed that it involved tumor initiation, growth, and metastatic outgrowth. In this study, using data from the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD), we assessed the independent prognostic value of CGB5 expression in patients with primary gastric cancer (GC). Results showed that CGB5 expression was nearly not expressed in normal GC tissues. In comparison, its expression was detected in 214 of the 415 primary GC cases (51.6%) in TCGA-STAD and was associated with poor response to primary therapy and a higher risk of recurrence and death. In early stages, CGB5 expression was not a prognostic factor in terms of OS (HR: 1.448; 95% CI: 0.811-2.588, P = 0.211) or RFS (HR: 1.659; 95% CI: 0.778-3.540, P = 0.190). However, its expression was independently associated with unfavorable OS (HR: 1.719; 95% CI: 1.115-2.651, P = 0.014) and RFS (HR: 3.602; 95% CI: 1.708-7.598, P = 0.001) in advanced stages. Using deep sequencing data from TCGA-STAD, we found that CGB5 expression was not related to its genetic amplification or DNA methylation in GC. Based on these findings, we infer that CGB5 expression is common in GC patients and its expression might independently predict poor OS and RFS in advanced stages, but not in early stages of GC.