Diagnosis of COVID-19 in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients on hemodialysis is challenging,  as the symptoms are often atypical. Herein, we reported a confimed case of COVID-19 in a patient on maintenance hemodialysis. A 38-year-old man with ESKD on regular hemodialysis initially presented with progressive shortness of breath and dry cough, without fever. He had lymphopenia, and chest X-ray suggested pulmonary edema with cardiomegaly and suspected bilateral bronchopneumonia. The patient clinically improved after 7 days of hospitalization, and was subsequently discharged from hospital. Ten days after being discharged, the patient was re-admitted with progressive shortness of breath and dry cough, without fever. SARS-CoV-2 infection was later confirmed by a qualitative RT-PCR test and the diagnosis COVID-19 pneumonia was established. We presented a case of atypical presentation of COVID-19 in an ESKD patient on maintenance hemodialysis with a brief review of the current literature.

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