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Challenges and barriers for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan in low- and middle- income countries.

Challenges and barriers for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan in low- and middle- income countries.
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Khan F, Owolabi MO, Amatya B, Hamzat TK, Ogunniyi A, Oshinowo H, Elmalik A, Galea MP,


Khan F, Owolabi MO, Amatya B, Hamzat TK, Ogunniyi A, Oshinowo H, Elmalik A, Galea MP, (click to view)

Khan F, Owolabi MO, Amatya B, Hamzat TK, Ogunniyi A, Oshinowo H, Elmalik A, Galea MP,

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Journal of rehabilitation medicine 2017 10 05() doi 10.2340/16501977-2276
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP) in Nigeria and compare these with other low- and middle-income countries.

METHODS
A rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Australia, conducted intensive workshops at medical/academic institutions in Nigeria for healthcare professionals from various local Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation facilities. A modified Delphi method identified challenges for person with disability, using 3 GDAP objectives. Findings were compared with similar exercises in Madagascar, Pakistan and Mongolia.

RESULTS
Despite differences in the healthcare system and practice, the challenges reported in Nigeria were similar to those in other 3 low- and middle-income countries, at both macro (governmental/policymakers) and micro levels (community/social/individual). Common challenges identified were: limited knowledge of disability services, limited Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation workforce, guidelines and accreditation standards; coordination amongst healthcare sectors; social issues; data and research; legislation and political commitment. Common potential facilitators included: need for strong leadership; advocacy of disability-inclusive development; investment in infrastructure/human resources; coordination/partnerships in healthcare sector; and research.

CONCLUSION
Disability care is an emerging priority in low- and middle-income countries to address the needs of people with disability. The challenges identified in Nigeria are common to most low- and middle-income countries. The GDAP framework can facilitate access and strengthen Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation services.

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