To identify the exact time point during after following pterygium excision with a modified technique of sutureless, glueless limbal-conjunctival autograft, when stabilization of the change in corneal curvature is achieved; correlate size of pterygium with uncorrected visual acuity and astigmatism at baseline, and assess changes in these parameters postoperatively over time.
This prospective study longitudinally assessed 30 eyes of 30 north Indian adults with primary pterygium encroaching upon ≥1 mm of the cornea pre- and postoperatively at 1 week and then monthly for 4 months, recording uncorrected (UCVA) and best-corrected logMAR visual acuity, astigmatism and keratometry. Results were analyzed using ANOVA, Mauchly’s test of sphericity with Greenhouse-Geisser correction, and post-hoc test using Bonferroni correction. Pearson’s correlation coefficient r > 0.5 was considered clinically significant, and P < 0.05 statistically significant.
Pterygium size was well correlated with pre-operative astigmatism (r = 0.867, P < 0.001) and pre-operative UCVA (r = 0.856, P < 0.001). There was mean improvement of 0.43 logMAR units of visual acuity (P < 0.00001), a mean increase of 0.79D of keratometric value for the flatter meridian (P < 0.00001) and a mean reduction of 2.00D of astigmatism (P < 0.00001). At 2-month follow-up, the keratometric value for the flatter meridian approached the final keratometric reading at 4 months such that the difference was not significant (t = 1.185, P = 0.245). There were no significant complications or recurrence during the follow-up period.
Pterygium excision with modified autograft reduced corneal astigmatism and improved visual acuity comparable to classical technique. Alteration in corneal curvature stabilizes 2 months after surgery, when spectacle correction can be given to patients.