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Characterization of the Mollusc RIG-I/MAVS Pathway Reveals an Archaic Antiviral Signalling Framework in Invertebrates.

Characterization of the Mollusc RIG-I/MAVS Pathway Reveals an Archaic Antiviral Signalling Framework in Invertebrates.
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Huang B, Zhang L, Du Y, Xu F, Li L, Zhang G,


Huang B, Zhang L, Du Y, Xu F, Li L, Zhang G, (click to view)

Huang B, Zhang L, Du Y, Xu F, Li L, Zhang G,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 157(1) 8217 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-08566-x
Abstract

Despite the mitochondrial antiviral signalling protein (MAVS)-dependent RIG-I-like receptor (RLR) signalling pathway in the cytosol plays an indispensable role in the antiviral immunity of the host, surprising little is known in invertebrates. Here we characterized the major members of RLR pathway and investigated their signal transduction a Molluscs. We show that genes involved in RLR pathway were significantly induced during virus challenge, including CgRIG-I-1, CgMAVS, CgTRAF6 (TNF receptor-associated factor 6), and CgIRFs (interferon regulatory factors. Similar to human RIG-I, oyster RIG-I-1 could bind poly(I:C) directly in vitro and interact with oyster MAVS via its caspase activation and recruitment domains. We also show that transmembrane domain-dependent self-association of CgMAVS may be crucial for its signalling and that CgMAVS can recruit the downstream signalling molecule, TRAF6, which can subsequently activate NF-κB signal pathway. Moreover, oyster IRFs appeared to function downstream of CgMAVS and were able to activate the interferon β promoter and interferon stimulated response elements in mammalian cells. These results establish invertebrate MAVS-dependent RLR signalling for the first time and would be helpful for deciphering the antiviral mechanisms of invertebrates and understanding the development of the vertebrate RLR network.

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