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Chikungunya Virus: Pathophysiology, Mechanism, and Modeling.

Chikungunya Virus: Pathophysiology, Mechanism, and Modeling.
Author Information (click to view)

Ganesan VK, Duan B, Reid SP,


Ganesan VK, Duan B, Reid SP, (click to view)

Ganesan VK, Duan B, Reid SP,

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Viruses 2017 12 019(12) pii E368
Abstract

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus, is recurring in epidemic waves. In the past decade and a half, the disease has resurged in several countries around the globe, with outbreaks becoming increasingly severe. Though CHIKV was first isolated in 1952, there remain significant gaps in knowledge of CHIKV biology, pathogenesis, transmission, and mechanism. Diagnosis is largely simplified and based on symptoms, while treatment is supportive rather than curative. Here we present an overview of the disease, the challenges that lie ahead for future research, and what directions current studies are headed towards, with emphasis on improvement of current animal models and potential use of 3D models.

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