The goal of this study was to assess the levels of mental health problems in children with celiac disease (CD), as well as the mental health status of their parents, compare these levels to those of healthy controls, and explore how a gluten-free diet affects these difficulties (GFD). The study included 50 patients with CD who were diagnosed before starting a GFD, 39 patients with CD who had been on a GFD for at least 12 months, and 38 healthy controls, as well as their parents. To assess the children’s and parents’ mental health problems, one of each child’s parents completed the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and the Symptom Checklist 90. Twenty patients in Group A were reassessed at least 12 months after beginning a GFD (group D). At the time of diagnosis, CD patients had higher CBCL scores for internalizing issues than healthy controls, and their parents had more severe mental health problems, including anxiety and depression, than healthy control parents.
At the time of diagnosis, CD patients and their parents reported greater mental health issues, such as anxiety and depression, than healthy controls.