Behçet disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis that can be complicated with thrombosis, which is an important cause of mortality and morbidity. The course of BD is more severe, and the diagnosis is usually delayed. In children, thrombosis associated with BD is very rare. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the characteristics of children with BD complicated with thrombosis. Forty-six patients with BD who were followed-up at a pediatric rheumatology department between January 2012 and September 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. Thrombosis was detected in 10 patients (21.7%), and it was the first sign of BD in 7 patients. Four patients had cerebral sinus venous thrombosis, 4 patients had deep-vein thrombosis, 1 patient had renal vein thrombosis, 1 had pulmonary artery thrombosis, and 1 had intracardiac thrombosis. None of the patients had arterial thrombosis. All patients had received anticoagulant therapy with immunosuppressive treatment. Any complication due to anticoagulant therapy was not detected. One patient had recurrent thrombosis, and none of the patients died during follow-up. Vasculitic diseases such as BD may cause a predisposition to thrombosis, and thrombosis might be the first sign of BD. Therefore, in children presenting with unprovoked thrombosis, BD should also be investigated.

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