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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): An Observational Study of Etiology, Severity and Burden of Comorbidities.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): An Observational Study of Etiology, Severity and Burden of Comorbidities.
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Kamath N, Iyengar AA,


Kamath N, Iyengar AA, (click to view)

Kamath N, Iyengar AA,

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Indian journal of pediatrics 2017 07 15() doi 10.1007/s12098-017-2413-2
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
To study the etiology and burden of comorbidities across stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

METHODS
Children, 2-16 y of age with CKD Stages II- IV were recruited over 12 mo. The etiology, clinical presentation and severity of complications were studied.

RESULTS
Among 78 children [Stage II (n = 21), Stage III (n = 26), Stage IV (n = 31)], congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) was the commonest etiology and 28 were newly diagnosed in Stage III /IV. High prevalence of comorbidities was observed with growth retardation (65%), hypertension (59%), hyperphosphatemia (32%), vitamin D deficiency (92%), dyslipidemia (64%), left ventricular hypertrophy (45%) and hyperparathyroidism (56%). While most comorbidities correlated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate and severity of CKD, hypertension, vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular morbidity were prevalent even in early stages.

CONCLUSIONS
CAKUT was the commonest cause of CKD. Late detection and high prevalence of comorbidities even in early stages of CKD were observed.

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