The aim of this study was to investigate the possible influences of circPRKCI abnormal expression on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced HK2 cell injury and its mechanism. The circPRKCI level was identified in serum samples from patients with urosepsis and healthy subjects, as well as LPS-treated HK2 cells by qRT-PCR. Cell viability, apoptosis, expression of proteins associated with apoptosis, and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-treated HK2 cells were measured. Effects of circPRKCI abnormal expression on LPS-induced HK2 cell injury were then evaluated. Afterward, the binding miRNA of circPRKCI and target gene of miRNA were identified, and the involvements of NF-kB pathway signaling pathway with the effects of circPRKCI were finally studied. CircPRKCI was significantly down-regulated in serum samples from patients with urosepsis and LPS-treated HK2 cells. LPS-induced decrease of cell viability, increase of cell apoptosis, as well as elevated productions of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukins (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 in HK2 cells were attenuated by overexpressed circPRKCI. In addition, circPRKCI negatively regulated the expression of miR-545, and miR-545 up-regulation reversed the inhibiting effects of circPRKCI overexpression on LPS-induced HK2 cell injury. Moreover, zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 2 (ZEB2) was identified as a target gene of miR-545, and ZEB2 overexpression partly reversed the effects of miR-545 up-regulation on LPS-induced HK2 cell injury. Furthermore, NF-kB pathway was revealed to be associated to the effects of circPRKCI on LPS-induced HK2 cell injury. This research indicated that the highly expressed circPRKCI relieved inflammatory injury induced by LPS in HK2 cells by suppressing miR-545/ZEBs and depressing the briskness of NF-kB pathway.© 2020 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
January 31, 2020
A missense mutation of Leu74Pro of OGR1 found in familial amelogenesis imperfecta actually causes the loss of the pH-sensing mechanism.
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Clinical Olfactory Working Group Consensus Statement on the Treatment of Post Infectious Olfactory Dysfunction.
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- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.