Increasing evidence indicates that circular RNAs (CircRNAs) have an important role in human diseases, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Recently, circ_0043533, a novel circRNA, was proposed to be involved in the progression of PCOS. However, its role in PCOS has not been explored. In this study, the expression levels of circ_0043533 and miR-1179 in ovarian granulosa cells (OGCs) were examined by qRT-PCR analysis. Moreover, knockdown of circ_0043533 in OGC lines COV434 and KGN, respectively, the cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and cycle-related markers of insulin-triggered OGCs were examined by CCK-8, EdU staining, flow cytometry, and western blot assays, respectively. The interaction between circ_0043533 and miR-1179 was examined by bioinformatics, dual-luciferase assay, and RNA immunoprecipitation. Besides, effects of the miR-1179 inhibitor on cell viability and apoptosis in OGC lines with circ_0043533 knockdown were also evaluated. OGCs and insulin-treated OGCs exhibited higher circ_0043533 levels in comparison to the IOSE80 cells. Additionally, knockdown of circ_0043533 remarkably inhibited the cell viability and proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of insulin-treated COV434 and KGN cells, respectively. Meanwhile, circ_0043533 knockdown could down-regulate the Bcl-2, CDK2, and Cyclin D1 expressions, and up-regulate the Bax levels. Furthermore, we demonstrated that circ_0043533 acted as a sponge to absorb miR-1179. Interestingly, miR-1179 inhibition remarkably attenuated the effect of circ_0043533 silence on cell proliferation and apoptosis in insulin-treated COV434 and KGN cells. Taken together, this study revealed that circ_0043533 knockdown restrained the malignant progression of PCOS via targeting miR-1179. Our data suggested that circ_0043533 would serve as a novel therapeutic target for PCOS.Copyright © 2022 Society for Biology of Reproduction & the Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of Polish Academy of Sciences in Olsztyn. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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