Medecine et maladies infectieuses 2017 05 09() pii 10.1016/j.medmal.2017.04.001
To evaluate concordance between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimates (Cockcroft and Gault, modification of diet in renal diseases, chronic kidney disease epidemiology study group equations) for drug dosing in HIV-infected patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
We performed a monocentric study. GFR was measured using the gold standard method (plasma clearance of iohexol) in 230 HIV-infected patients. Concordance rate was evaluated between measured GFR (mGFR) and estimated GFR (eGFR) for different GFR categories (GFR>90 mL/min, GFR<90 mL/min, GFR>70 mL/min, and GFR<70 mL/min). MDRD and CKD-EPI were used with and without indexation to body surface area (BSA). RESULTS
Mean age was 48±10 years, mean mGFR was 101±26 mL/min. Concordance between mGFR and eGFR estimated with CG, CKD-EPI (indexed and not indexed to BSA), or MDRD equations (not indexed to BSA) was similar (73%, 73%, 74%, and 73% respectively) for a breakpoint value of 90 mL/min for GFR. At this value, the concordance rate between mGFR and MDRD indexed to BSA was significantly lower (65%, P<0.05). Using 70 mL/min of GFR as the breakpoint value, all equations had similar concordance rates with mGFR (with or without indexation to BSA). CONCLUSION
CKD-EPI equation has the same concordance with GFR and with CG when used for drug dosing.