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Clarithromycin co-administration does not increase irinotecan (CPT-11) toxicity in colorectal cancer patients.

Clarithromycin co-administration does not increase irinotecan (CPT-11) toxicity in colorectal cancer patients.
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Makihara K, Nakamura S, Miyagi K, Ueno H, Nakata I,


Makihara K, Nakamura S, Miyagi K, Ueno H, Nakata I, (click to view)

Makihara K, Nakamura S, Miyagi K, Ueno H, Nakata I,

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Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology 2017 07 15() doi 10.1007/s00280-017-3388-4
Abstract
PURPOSE
Irinotecan (CPT-11) is used to treat advanced colorectal cancer. The drug is activated by carboxylesterases and rendered inactive by CYP3A4. Recently, the efficacy of combining CPT-11 and anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) agents was confirmed in patients with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer. Clarithromycin (CAM) is a strong CYP3A inhibitor often used to prevent rash associated with anti-EGFR therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of increased neutropenia and diarrhea in combining CPT-11 and CAM.

METHODS
Retrospective analyses were conducted at Osaka National Hospital (Osaka, Japan) on the records of colorectal cancer patients treated with a CPT-11-containing regimen between November 2006 and January 2014. The incidence of neutropenia and diarrhea was compared between patients who received CPT-11 and CAM and patients who received CPT-11 without CAM.

RESULTS
One-hundred and twenty-eight patients were included in this study, of whom 21 were concomitantly treated with CAM and 107 were not. There was no difference in the incidence of grade 3-4 neutropenia between the CAM co-administration group (10%) and the non-CAM group (16%) [Odds ratio: 0.56 (95% confidence interval: 0.12-2.62), p = 0.45]. No difference in the incidence of grade 3-4 diarrhea was found between the CAM co-administration group (0%) and the non-CAM group (4%) (p = 0.37).

CONCLUSIONS
This study did not identify an increase in CPT-11 toxicity by co-administration with CAM.

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