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Classification of chronic radiation-induced ulcers in the chest wall after surgery in breast cancers.

Classification of chronic radiation-induced ulcers in the chest wall after surgery in breast cancers.
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Ma X, Jin Z, Li G, Yang W,


Ma X, Jin Z, Li G, Yang W, (click to view)

Ma X, Jin Z, Li G, Yang W,

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Radiation oncology (London, England) 2017 08 1512(1) 135 doi 10.1186/s13014-017-0876-y
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
To explore the methods of clinical classification in chronic radiation-induced ulcers in the chest wall (CRUCWs).

MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 64 patients with CRUCWs were treated. We divided the cases into 3 types (mild, moderate, or severe) according to their clinical manifestations. Conservative treatments, axial-pattern myocutaneous or local flaps, or filleted flaps were applied correspondingly.

RESULTS
The cases were divided as follows: mild (n = 11), moderate (n = 45), and severe (n = 8). Eight cases were cured by conservative surgical therapy. One case had a recurrence 6 months after conservative therapy and was cured by a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap. The transferred flaps all survived, including 26 transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps, 8 longitudinal rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps, 6 latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps, 3 contralateral breast flaps, 5 lateral thoracic rotation flaps, and 7 filleted flaps. In 2 transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps and 2 latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps, distal necrosis appeared in small areas. The resulting wounds were salvaged with skin graft and full healing was achieved.

CONCLUSION
CRUCWs can be divided into three types. Surgical methods should vary with distinguished classifications. The effective classification of CRUCWs has definite instructive significance on the selection of surgical approaches.

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