To introduce a different approach for maxillary nerve block (MNB), in cleft palate repair. To reduce the use of opioids during surgery and to prevent frequent respiratory complications by means of an adequate intra and postoperative pain relief.
A prospective clinical trial was planned, to collect scientific evidences between 2 groups of patients with primary cleft palate, receiving surgery in 2 Pediatric centers of Buenos Aires, utilizing a different protocol.Sixty patients undergoing primary cleft palate repair in both hospitals, from January 2017 to July 2018, by senior surgeons and the same expert anesthesiologists’ team, were included.Syndromic and secondary cases, and patients whose parents rejected to participate of this study were excluded. The first group called Hospital A included 45 children, the second group identified as Hospital B was formed by 15 patients.A combination of general whit local anesthesia and a bilateral regional MNB, was used in all the patients of the Hospital A. Utilizing an aspirating syringe, children received 0.15 ml/kg of lidocaine clorhidrate 2% with epinephrine 1:50.000, under direct vision through the spheno palatine holes, just before surgery. A traditional general anesthesia procedure plus local anesthesia, was utilized in all the patients treated at the Hospital B Medial blood pressure and cardiac frequency parameters were tested during induction, along the surgical procedure and in the immediate post op, to detect any sign of pain (12). After surgery, patient reactivity, airway depression symptoms, time of initial feeding and discharge time, were also monitored (13).This study was approved by the Hospitals Ethics Committees of both hospitals, and is in accordance with the 1975 Helsinki Declaration, as amended in 1983. The parents have signed an informed consent form for all the patients included.
Patients of both groups did not show any significant variant in the monitored parameters to detect signals of pain, along the surgery. The rest of controls during and after surgery showed significant differences in favor of the patients of Hospital A.
Bilateral regional MNB, under direct vision trough the spheno palatine holes results an effective, easy, and safe method for pain relief during and after primary cleft palate repair surgeries.The combination of slight general anesthesia with local anesthesia and regional blocks, results a good option to reduce opioids utilization, to prevent neurotoxicity, respiratory depression, sickness, and vomiting facilitating early feeding and patient discharge.

References

PubMed