The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the global status of the most allergenic stinging Hymenoptera. In this study, the researchers look at the threats that social Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, and ants) may pose to human health in many regions of the world in the near future.

The distribution and consistency of allergenic species, especially poisonous insects, are being studied as a result of the rapid dynamics brought about by climate change and globalization. Even with the ambiguity of current available models, additional difficulties posed by stinging Hymenoptera should be predicted in the future due to the extension of native species ranges and colonization of invading species.