Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major complication after abdominal surgery; however, the best strategy for preventing VTE after surgery is not yet established. We performed this study to investigate the incidence of perioperative VTE and evaluate the efficacy of a VTE preventive strategy for patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC).
The subjects of this retrospective analysis were 228 patients who underwent curative surgical resection for CRC between 2012 and 2016. The patients were treated with thromboprophylaxis including enoxaparin. We assessed the perioperative VTE occurrence rate and investigated the risk factors for postoperative VTE.
Among the 228 patients, 77 had a preoperative D-dimer level of > 1.0 μg/mL and 12 had deep vein thrombosis (DVT) diagnosed by ultrasonography preoperatively. Of the remaining 216 patients, short-term VTE (< 30 days) developed in two patients (0.9%) and long-term VTE (30 days-3 years) developed in seven (3.2%). The mortality rate of patients with VTE was 0%. The univariate analysis indicated that pulmonary disease was the risk factor for short-term VTE, whereas obesity, hyperlipidemia, and a preoperative history of pulmonary embolism were the risk factors for long-term VTE (p < 0.05).
The findings of this analysis show that our preventive protocol including enoxaparin is an effective strategy for preventing postoperative VTE.