Patients with cancer may develop disease- or treatment-associated anemia, requiring red blood product transfusions. In Italy, transfusions are usually administered in a day hospital service or in inpatient wards. Since 2013, a dedicated supportive care service for outpatients has been implemented in Pisa, where red blood product transfusions are administered. The present study evaluated the patients that received red blood product transfusions at the dedicated supportive care service for outpatients in 2016. The clinical features of patients were analyzed, and the procedural cost was evaluated by comparing its administration with a hypothetical scenario in which transfusions were provided via day hospital services or inpatient wards. The results revealed that the dedicated supportive care service for outpatients avoided the hospitalization of patients, allowing them to receive prompt and timely transfusions, with a rapid resolution of symptoms. Avoiding hospitalization was also estimated to decrease transfusion-associated costs by €48,805-177,805.
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