Medical consultation by a specialist physician consists of an evaluation to review diagnosis and management of patients with some neurological conditions referred from other specialty wards. This mode of care delivery has gained relevance in the field of neurology and adequate training on it is valuable, allowing neurologists to provide state-of-the-art management to patients with neurological manifestations. The present study aimed to characterize neurology consults and to discuss the roles of the neurologist within a hospital setting.
A prospective analysis of neurological consultations provided to inpatients of a university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, was performed from September 2016 to September 2017. These patients were followed by the principal investigator, who was not involved in their care.
We evaluated data from 117 female and 106 male inpatients with a mean age of 53.8 ± 2.4. The medical specialties that most frequently requested neurological consultations were Internal Medicine (17%), Cardiology (11.2%) and Pulmonology (9.4%). The main reasons for a neurology consultation request were seizures (15.6%); decreased level of consciousness (8.9%) and confusion (7.1%). The most frequent diagnosis in patients receiving a neurology consult were stroke (10.2%); hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (5.3%) and sepsis (2.2%).
Our findings show the growing importance of the role of neurologists within hospital settings as many medical conditions present with neurological manifestations and the significance of the neurohospitalist model of care.

© The Author(s) 2020.