To evaluate the effectiveness of the nose ring drain (NRD) in treatment of severe diabetic foot infection.
The clinical data of 35 patients with severe diabetic foot infection who were treated with NRD between June 2017 and June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 24 males and 11 females with an average age of 54.5 years (range, 28-82 years). All of them were type 2 diabetic patients. The diabetes duration was 3-20 years, with an average of 9.4 years. The diabetic foot duration was 4 months to 2 years, with an average of 1.16 years. There were 16 cases of left foot and 19 cases of right foot. According to Wagner’s grading, there were 11 cases of grade 2, 20 cases of grade 3, and 4 cases of grade 4, all of which were moderate and severe infection of diabetic foot wound. Postoperative wounds were treated with “nibble-like” debridement until the patient’s epidermis regenerated and healed. During the treatment process, the indexes of bacterial culture type of wound secretions, duration of antibiotic therapy, wound healing method, healing time, amputation rate, and other indicators were analyzed and summarized.
All 35 patients were followed up 3-6 months, with an average of 4.5 months. Postoperative bacterial culture of wounds showed that 5 cases of , 4 cases of , 5 cases of , 3 cases of , 3 cases of coagulase-negative , and 15 cases of other types were detected. The duration of antibiotic therapy ranged from 3 to 15 days, with an average of 9.1 days. The wound was autolytically healed without skin grafting, and the healing time was 62-82 days, with an average of 72.3 days. During the follow-up, 3 cases (8.6%) had amputation due to the patient’s poor blood glucose control, which led to a large spread of infection. In addition, among the other patients with wound healing, there was no recurrence of wound infection or new ulcer on the original surface.
The NRD is a simple operation for treatment of severe diabetic foot infection, which can effectively control wound infections and promote wound healing and regeneration without skin grafting.

References

PubMed