Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most malignant lung cancer. Some of them are mixed with non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC, Non SCLC),which are called combined small cell lung cancer (C-SCLC).Due to the difficulty of pathological diagnosis and the complexity of treatment, studies of C-SCLC have just been rising in recent years. This study is to evaluate the clinical and pathologic characteristics of C-SCLC.
Stage Ⅰ-Ⅲa C-SCLC patients who received radical R0 surgery between 2009-2018 in Shanghai Chest Hospital were enrolled. Clinical characteristics and prognosis were analyzed.
Totally 181 patients were included, most of them were small cell combined with large cell neuroendocrine components(SCLC/LCNEC,58.0 %,N = 105),then with adenocarcinoma(SCLC/ADC:13.8 %,N = 25),and finally with squamous cell carcinoma(SCLC/SCC:13.3 %,N = 24).Median DFS and OS of C-SCLC patients underwent radical surgery were 32.5 and 49.7 months.1,3 and 5 years DFS rates of the entire cohort were 68.5 %,32.6 % and 16.0 %,respectively. Patients with SCLC/LCNEC had longer DFS (44.1 m vs. 20.4 m, p = 0.040) and longer OS trend (62.1 m vs. 33.2 m, p = 0.122).Groups of whether tumor invaded the pleura(p = 0.028 and p = 0.050),lymph node stage(p = 0.029 and p = 0.010) and the courses of adjuvant chemotherapy(p = 0.011 and p = 0.001) had statistical differences on DFS and OS.
SCLC/LCNEC was the most common type of C-SCLC. Patients’ DFS and OS were also longer than other combined types. Adjuvant chemotherapy for SCLC is still the main treatment for surgical C-SCLC. Further studies are needed to clarify the clinical characteristics and prognosis of C-SCLC.

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