To analyze the clinical, serological, and imaging characteristics of patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) positive to different anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (anti-ARS) antibodies.The clinical data, serological indexes, pulmonary high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging features and pulmonary functions, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of 84 ILD patients with anti-ARS antibody positive in Beijing Chao-yang Hospital, Capital Medical University were reviewed.(1) Anti-ARS antibodies included anti-Jo-1 (42.86%), anti-PL-7 (26.19%), anti-PL-12 (10.71%), anti-EJ (14.29%), and anti-OJ (5.95%). (2) Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia was the main type of patients with ILD positive to antibodies of anti-Jo-1, anti-PL-7, and anti-EJ, organizing pneumonia was the main type of patients with ILD positive to anti-PL-12 antibody and usual interstitial pneumonia was the main type of patients with ILD positive to anti-OJ antibody. (3) Only 14.29% of the patients had typical “triad syndrome” (interstitial pneumonia, myositis, and non-erosive arthritis). Myositis mainly occurred in patients with ILD positive to antibodies of anti-PL-7, anti-Jo-1, and anti-EJ. The incidence of arthritis in ILD patients with anti-Jo-1 was higher than that in ILD patients with anti-PL-12 and anti-EJ (P < .05). The incidence of mechanic's hand in ILD patients with anti-Jo-1 was higher than that in ILD patients with anti-PL-12 (P < .05).ILD positive to anti-Jo-1 antibody is associated with multiple organ involvement, mainly manifested as myositis, mechanic's hand, and arthritis. As other clinical manifestations of some ILD patients are relatively hidden, ILD patients should pay attention to the screening of the anti-ARS antibodies and guard against anti-synthetase syndrome.
Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.