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Clinical features and long-term outcomes of pediatric spinal meningiomas.

Clinical features and long-term outcomes of pediatric spinal meningiomas.
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Wu L, Yang C, Liu T, Fang J, Yang J, Xu Y,


Wu L, Yang C, Liu T, Fang J, Yang J, Xu Y, (click to view)

Wu L, Yang C, Liu T, Fang J, Yang J, Xu Y,

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Journal of neuro-oncology 2017 04 21() doi 10.1007/s11060-017-2441-9
Abstract

Pediatric spinal meningiomas are very rare. Most studies on pediatric spinal meningiomas are case reports with literature reviews. This study presented a surgical series of 14 pediatric patients with histologically proven sporadic spinal meningiomas, including 5 WHO grade II tumors. In this series, there were 9 male and 5 female patients with a mean age of 11.1 years. Seven tumors were located in the cervical spine, 5 in the thoracic spine, and 2 in the lumbar spine. Gross total resection (GTR) of the tumor with a well-demarcated dissection plane was achieved in 11 cases, subtotal resection was achieved in 2 cases, and partial resection was performed in 1 case. The symptoms were improved in 10 cases at the last follow-up and the current status of 2 patients worsened and 1 patient had no change compared to the preoperative presentation. One patient died of progressive tumor regrowth after partial resection and adjuvant radiotherapy. The postoperative follow-up magnetic resonance imaging showed tumor recurrence in one of the 11 GTR cases during the mean follow-up period of 72.5 months. Recurrence/regrowth of the residual tumors was observed in both the 2 STR cases. Although pediatric spinal meningiomas have a higher incidence of WHO grade II meningiomas, they are amenable to surgery if it is possible to achieve GTR. A good clinical outcome after GTR can be expected, even for WHO grade II meningiomas. Effect of adjuvant radiochemotherapy for controlling the tumors is still unclear and requires further investigation.

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