The study was done to determine the factors related to the ciliary body that are predictive of outcomes of excessive vault (> 1,000 µm) after Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL V4c; STAAR Surgical) implantation.

27 eyes of 27 patients who presented with excessive vault (> 1,000 µm) following implantation of an ICL V4c were matched in a 1:2 ratio with those who presented with a normal vault (250 to 1,000 µm) on white-to-white distance, anterior chamber depth, and ICL size.

The vault value 1 month postoperatively was associated with preoperative anterior chamber volume, iris-ciliary angle, and crystalline lens rise (P < .05). In the conditional regression logistic analysis, every 1° reduction in iris-ciliary angle was associated with 4% increased odds of vault greater than 1,000 µm (OR = 0.96; 95% CI = 0.93 to 0.99; P < .001) and the anteriorly positioned ciliary body was associated with an increased risk of excessive vault after ICL implantation (OR = 3.57; 95% CI = 1.67 to 7.63; P < .001). In the excessive vault group, 1 eye underwent the ICL extraction and 3 eyes had an ICL exchange for a smaller ICL. After the ICL exchange, the mean value of postoperative vault decreased from 1,525.67 ± 468.22 to 810.33 ± 254.92 µm.

The study concluded that the eyes with an anteriorly positioned ciliary body were associated with a higher rate of excessive vault after ICL implantation, so the size of the ICL may need to be adjusted in these patients. Assessment of ciliary body characteristics adds significant information to the prediction of excessive vault after surgery.