AimTo describe the clinical presentation and demographic distribution of retinitis pigmentosa in patients presenting to a multi-tier ophthalmology hospital network in India and implications for potential treatments.DesignCross-sectional hospital-based study.MethodsThis study included 2,541,810 patients presenting between March 2012 and October 2020. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa in at least one eye were included as cases. The data were collected using an electronic medical record system.ResultsOverall, 15,062 (0.59%) new patients were diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa and were included for analysis. The median age was 35 (IQR: 21-49) years and adult age (84.56%) presented more often. The most common presenting age group was between 21 and 30 years (20%). Majority of patients were male (61.68%) and had bilateral (96.39%) affliction. There was a family history in a tenth of the patients (10.46%) and a history of consanguinity in a minority (5.53%). The majority of the eyes had mild or no central visual acuity impairment of <20/70 (34.25%) followed by blindness <20/400 to 20/1200 (21.26%). The predominant retinal signs included disc pallor (76.43%), attenuated arterioles (82.61%) and bony spicule pigmentation (90.15%), and almost all had retinal pigmentary changes. A minority of the eyes underwent a surgical procedure (4.96%).ConclusionRetinitis pigmentosa is commonly bilateral and predominantly affects males. Most patients present in the third decade of life with severe visual acuity impairment. More than half of the eyes from our study are potential candidates for newer therapies. These results have implications for upcoming treatment choices and planning.