Journal of clinical and experimental hematopathology : JCEH 2017 06 0857(1) 26-30 doi 10.3960/jslrt.17011
Cryptococcosis is an invasive fungal infection in immunocompromised patients. The clinicopathological characteristics of cryptococcal lymphadenitis are not well known. We analyzed three cases of cryptococcal lymphadenitis and compared their characteristics with those in previous reports. Two patients were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carriers, and one patient was a human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) carrier. The age of the HTLV-1 carrier with cryptococcosis was much higher than that of the HIV-1 carriers. CD4-positive cell counts in peripheral blood were 5.8/μL (Case 1) and 79.9/μL (Case 2) in the HIV carriers and 3285/μL in the HTLV-1 carrier (Case 3). According to flow cytometric analysis of the lymph nodes of Cases 1, 2, and 3, 50.0%, 87.1%, and 85.9%, respectively, of the T-cells were CD3; 9.8%, 16.3%, and 75.8%, respectively, were CD4; and 35.5%, 77.3%, and 10.2%, respectively, were CD8. Cryptococcus neoformans was detected in tissue culture in all patients. Although gelatinous lesions and numerous fungal cocci were observed in the two HIV patients, the granuloma formation was small. Gelatinous formation and granuloma formation were observed in the HTLV-1 carrier. Necrosis was observed in all cases. In previous reports, granuloma formation, epithelioid cells, and necrotic lesions were observed in most cases. Most of the patients were also immunosuppressed. However, no HTLV-1 carrier was detected. In conclusion, lymphadenopathy in a HTLV-1 carrier may suggest the presence of cryptococcal lymphadenitis. The frequency of cryptococcosis in HTVL-1 carriers may increase with increase in the long-term survival rate of HTLV-1 carriers.