Japanese journal of infectious diseases 2017 09 1170(6) 656-659 doi 10.7883/yoken.JJID.2016.370
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been shown to be a poor prognostic factor in HIV patients. This study aimed to identify risk factors in HIV-infected patients with early decline in renal function or an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2). The study was retrospectively conducted at Panyananthaphikkhu Chonprathan Medical Center, Thailand. The inclusion criteria were HIV-infected adult patients who were treated at the hospital’s HIV clinic and whose eGFR levels at the first visit had been evaluated. Eligible patients were categorized according to their eGFR level being lesser or greater than 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Multivariate logistic analysis was performed to evaluate the association of risk factors with an eGFR of less than 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2). There were 301 HIV-infected patients included in the study. Of those, 89 patients (29.57%) had an eGFR of less than 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Age was the only significant risk factor associated with an eGFR of less than 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2) with an adjusted odds ratio of 1.072 (95% confidence interval: 1.015-1.132). Age of over 37 years predicted an eGFR of less than 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2) as a risk factor in HIV-infected patients, with a sensitivity of 80.9% and specificity of 34.91%. Age was independently associated with eGFRs of less than 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in HIV-infected patients. Close monitoring of eGFR should be performed in HIV-infected patients aged over 37 years.