During the winemaking process, fining materials derived from milk and egg products are traditionally used to remove undesirable substances to reduce bitterness and astringency. The possible residues of allergens in treated wine may pose a potential risk for allergy patients. In this study, we developed a method for the simultaneous quantification of eight allergens (αS1-casein, αS2-casein, β-casein, κ-casein, β-lactoglobulin, lysozyme, ovalbumin and ovotransferrin) in red wine by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The sample was extracted with polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP) solution, following trypsin digestion and peptide-level purification by solid-phase extraction (SPE). A strategy based on standard addition was used for the accurate quantification of the target allergens in wine products. The limits of detection (LODs) were shown to be 0.003-0.015 μg/mL for milk allergens and 0.1 μg/mL for egg allergens. This economical and reliable method would be appropriate for routine analysis and further allergen label management for red wine.
Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.