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Comparative influenza protein interactomes identify the role of plakophilin 2 in virus restriction.

Comparative influenza protein interactomes identify the role of plakophilin 2 in virus restriction.
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Wang L, Fu B, Li W, Patil G, Liu L, Dorf ME, Li S,


Wang L, Fu B, Li W, Patil G, Liu L, Dorf ME, Li S, (click to view)

Wang L, Fu B, Li W, Patil G, Liu L, Dorf ME, Li S,

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Nature communications 2017 02 078() 13876 doi 10.1038/ncomms13876
Abstract

Cellular protein interaction networks are integral to host defence and immune signalling pathways, which are often hijacked by viruses via protein interactions. However, the comparative virus-host protein interaction networks and how these networks control host immunity and viral infection remain to be elucidated. Here, we mapped protein interactomes between human host and several influenza A viruses (IAV). Comparative analyses of the interactomes identified common and unique interaction patterns regulating innate immunity and viral infection. Functional screening of the ‘core’ interactome consisting of common interactions identified five novel host factors regulating viral infection. Plakophilin 2 (PKP2), an influenza PB1-interacting protein, restricts IAV replication and competes with PB2 for PB1 binding. The binding competition leads to perturbation of the IAV polymerase complex, thereby limiting polymerase activity and subsequent viral replication. Taken together, comparative analyses of the influenza-host protein interactomes identified PKP2 as a natural inhibitor of IAV polymerase complex.

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