AIDS research and human retroviruses 2017 11 07() doi 10.1089/AID.2017.0173
Historically, Indian rhesus macaques (iRMs) have been preferred for simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)/HIV prevention, pathogenesis, and treatment studies, yet their supply is limited. Chinese rhesus macaques (cRMs) are currently more available, yet little is known regarding the relative susceptibility of this subspecies to vaginal transmission of SIV or simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV). In this study, we compared the susceptibility of 40 cRMs and 21 iRMs with a single vaginal challenge with SHIVsf162P. Our results showed that cRMs have comparable primary SHIV infection as iRMs, underscoring their equal importance in studies of HIV transmission and prevention.