By using the Korean Pancreatic Cancer (K-PaC) registry, we compared the clinical outcomes of FOLFIRINOX (FFX) and gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GNP) in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC).
We constructed a web-based database of 3748 anonymized patients diagnosed with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. MPC patients who received first-line FFX or GNP were enrolled. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival, grade III to IV toxicity, and cross-over treatment were analyzed.
A total of 413 patients (232 vs. 181, FFX vs. GNP; all data are presented in this sequence) were eligible. Median age was 63 years (60 vs. 69 y) with 43% (39% vs. 47%) comprising female individuals. The major metastatic sites were the liver (64%), peritoneum (25%), and distant lymph nodes (18%). The median OS was 11.5 versus 12.7 months (hazard ratio [HR]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-1.12, P=0.286), and median progression-free survival was 7.5 versus 8.1 months (HR=0.92, 95% CI: 0.70-1.20, P=0.517), respectively. The frequency of grade III to IV febrile neutropenia was higher in the FFX group (18% vs. 11%, P=0.040), and that of peripheral neuropathy was higher in the GNP group (8% vs. 14%, P=0.046). The chance to receive second-line chemotherapy was higher in the GNP group (45% vs. 56%, P=0.036). In the cross-over treatment, the median OS of the FFX-GNP group (n=43) and the GNP-FFX group (n=47) was 16.8 versus 17.7 months (HR=0.79, 95% CI: 0.44-1.41, P=0.425).
FFX and GNP showed similar efficacy and comparable toxicity in MPC patients. Although the GNP group had a higher chance to receive second-line chemotherapy, they did not have improved overall survival.