To analyze the results of new intraocular lens (IOL) formulas (Emmetropia Verifying Optical [EVO], Kane, Olsen, and Barrett Universal II), traditional formulas (Haigis and SRK/T), and modified Wang-Koch axial length adjustment formulas with the SRK/T and Holladay 1 (SRK/T and H1) in Chinese patients with long eyes.
In this retrospective case series, patients with an axial length of 26 mm or greater having uneventful femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with one trifocal IOL model were enrolled. The actual postoperative spherical equivalent of the manifest refraction was compared with the formula-predicted refraction based on the implanted IOL power. A subgroup analysis was performed based on the axial length.
A total of 113 eyes was enrolled. Using User Group for Laser Interference Biometry constants, the modified Wang-Koch formulas had the lowest percentage of eyes with hyperopic outcomes. The Barrett Universal II, Olsen, Kane, and EVO 2.0 formulas produced a statistically lower median absolute error than the SRK/T and SRK/T formulas ( < .05). The Barrett Universal II formula produced higher percentages of eyes within ±0.50 diopters (D) of the prediction error than the SRK/T formula ( < .05). In eyes with axial lengths of less than 28 mm, there were no significant differences in the prediction accuracy of the eight formulas. In eyes with axial lengths of 28 mm or greater, the new IOL formulas yielded the lowest median absolute error, followed by the H1 and Haigis formulas. The SRK/T formula had the highest mean absolute error and the lowest percentages of eyes within ±0.25 and ±0.50 D of endpoint. The traditional formulas yielded the highest risk of refractive surprise.
All formulas achieved good results in eyes with axial lengths of less than 28 mm with trifocal IOL implanted. The newer formulas tend to produce better outcomes for eyes with high myopia. The SRK/T formula provided improved accuracy only in eyes with axial lengths of 30 mm or greater. .