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Comparison of macrophage migration inhibitory factor and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin-2 to predict acute kidney injury after liver transplantation: An observational pilot study.

Comparison of macrophage migration inhibitory factor and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin-2 to predict acute kidney injury after liver transplantation: An observational pilot study.
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Baron-Stefaniak J, Schiefer J, Miller EJ, Berlakovich GA, Baron DM, Faybik P,


Baron-Stefaniak J, Schiefer J, Miller EJ, Berlakovich GA, Baron DM, Faybik P, (click to view)

Baron-Stefaniak J, Schiefer J, Miller EJ, Berlakovich GA, Baron DM, Faybik P,

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PloS one 2017 08 1512(8) e0183162 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0183162
Abstract
INTRODUCTION
Several biomarkers have been suggested as early predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin-2 (NGAL) appears to be a promising predictor of AKI after OLT, but the clinical benefit remains to be proven. Recently, systemic macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been proposed as early indicator for requirement of renal replacement therapy after OLT. The aim of this prospective, observational pilot study was to compare the predictive values of serum and urinary MIF for severe AKI after OLT to those of serum and urinary NGAL.

METHODS
Concentrations of MIF and NGAL were measured in serum and urine samples collected from patients undergoing OLT. Acute kidney injury was classified according to the KDIGO criteria, with stages 2 and 3 summarized as severe AKI. Areas under the receiver operating curves (AUC) were calculated to assess predictive values of MIF and NGAL for the development of severe AKI.

RESULTS
Forty-five patients (mean age 55±8 years) were included. Nineteen patients (38%) developed severe AKI within 48 hours after reperfusion. At the end of OLT, serum MIF was predictive of severe AKI (AUC 0.73; 95% confidence intervals, CI 0.55-0.90; P = 0.03), whereas urinary MIF, serum NGAL, and urinary NGAL were not. On the first postoperative day, serum MIF (AUC 0.78; CI 0.62-0.93; P = 0.006), urinary MIF (AUC 0.71; CI 0.53-0.88; P = 0.03), and urinary NGAL (AUC 0.79; CI 0.64-0.93; P = 0.02) were predictive for severe AKI, while serum NGAL was not.

CONCLUSION
In the setting of OLT, MIF and NGAL had similar predictive values for the development of severe AKI.

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