To compare the results of using small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and wavefront-guided femtosecond-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (WFG FS-LASIK) to correct high myopia and myopic astigmatism.
The 94 eyes of 47 patients with high myopia or myopic astigmatism, if not both, who had undergone SMILE were compared with the 94 eyes of 47 patients with high myopia or myopic astigmatism, also if not both, who had undergone WFG FS-LASIK. Only eyes with high myopic or myopic astigmatism errors greater than - 6.0 diopter (D) spherical refraction and 0-3 D cylindrical refraction were included. Values of uncorrected distance visual acuity, corrected distance visual acuity, efficacy index, safety index, predictability, and high-order aberration between the patient groups were compared.
The SMILE and WFG FS-LASIK groups did not significantly differ according to sex or age. Values of preoperative and postoperative spherical refraction, cylindrical refraction, spherical equivalent, uncorrected distance visual acuity, and corrected distance visual acuity between the groups also did not significantly differ nor did values of predictability, the efficacy index, or the safety index. SMILE induced more coma and trefoil (p < 0.001), whereas WFG FS-LASIK induced more spherical aberration (p < 0.001).
Both SMILE and WFG FS-LASIK are efficient, safe, predictable procedures for correcting high myopia and myopic astigmatism. SMILE may induce more coma and trefoil, whereas WFG FS-LASIK may induce more spherical aberration.