AIDS research and human retroviruses 2017 11 08() doi 10.1089/AID.2017.0092
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection included use of pegylated interferon-based regimens before 2014 and direct-acting agents (DAA) since 2014 at the VA Medical Center in Washington, DC. We compared the continua of care between our HCV/HIV coinfected and HCV mono-infected patients during 2008-2015. A review of summary data from our local HCV Clinical Case Registry was conducted for the interferon treatment era (2008-2013) and the DAA era (2014-2015). Data were analyzed on a modified HCV Continuum of Care based on these stages: HCV diagnosis, engagement in medical care, HCV treatment, and HCV sustained virologic response (SVR) for differences between HCV/HIV coinfected and HCV mono-infected patients. All patients had 88% engagement in primary care during 2008-2013. HCV mono-infected and HCV/HIV coinfected patients had similar treatment (6% vs. 5%, p = .6622) and HCV SVR (1% vs. 0.5%, p = .1737) rates in the interferon era. However, more HCV/HIV coinfected patients were engaged in care (93% vs. 87%, p = .0044), accessed HCV treatment (36% vs. 23%, p < .0001), and achieved HCV SVR (31% vs. 21% p = .0002) compared to mono-infected patients in the DAA era. Both HCV/HIV coinfected and HCV mono-infected patients achieved higher SVR of ≥86% after DAA treatment. Although improvements were seen for treatment and SVR among HCV mono-infected patients, better rates for care engagement, HCV treatment, and SVR were realized for HCV/HIV coinfected patients in the DAA era.